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Biographical entry Clarke, Andrew (1824 - 1902)


27 July 1824
Southsea, Hampshire, England
29 March 1902
London, England
Science patron, Surveyor and Politician


Sir Andrew Clarke was Surveyor-General of the Colony of Victoria and was a member of both Victoria's Legislative Council and Assembly. He was also heavily involved in many societies and organisations including holding office as inaugural President of both the Philosophical Society of Victoria (1854), and the Philosophical Institute of Victoria (1855-1857). As a member of the Legislative Council, Clarke was involved in drafting the colony's new Constitution and the Municipal Institutions Act. He also instigated the creation of the Museum of Natural History, selected the sites of the Botanic Gardens and St Paul's Anglican Cathedral, instigated the recording of meteorological data, and set about establishing a pure water supply for Melbourne. Clarke returned to the United Kingdom in c.1859 but continued to work on special commissions for the Victorian and Tasmanian governments and served as their agent-general for varying periods. Up to 1886 Clarke had a distinguished career in the colonial service and for the British army.



Education - Graduated from the Royal Military Academy, UK
1844 - 1886
Career position - Member of the Royal Engineers, UK
26 January 1847 - 26 January 1848
Life event - Posted to Australia (Hobart Town)
1848 - 1849
Career position - Posted to New Zealand
1849 - 1853
Career position - Returned to Hobart as Private Secretary to the Lieutenant-Governor
1853 - 1856
Career position - Official Member of the Legislative Council of Victoria
1853 - 1858
Career position - Surveyor-General of the Colony of Victoria
1854 - 1855
Career position - President of the Philosophical Society of Victoria
1854 - 1855
Career position - Vice-President of the Victorian Institute for the Advancement of Science
1855 - 1857
Career position - President of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria
1856 - 1858
Career position - Elected to the Legislative Assembly of Victoria
1858 -
Life event - Returned to England
Career position - Member, Board of Science, Colony of Victoria
1858 - 1859
Award - Honorary Member, Philosophical Institute of Victoria
1859 - 1902
Award - Honorary Member, Royal Society of Victoria
Award - Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)
Award - Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)
Award - Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG)

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Published resources


  • Clarke, Andrew: edited by R. H. Veitch, Life of Lieut.-General the Hon. Sir Andrew Clarke, G.C.M.G., C.B., C.I.E., Colonel-Commandant of Royal Engineers, Agent-General of Victoria, Australia (London: John Murray, 1905), 353 pp. Details

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Digital resources

Clarke, Andrew Portrait


Helen Morgan and Helen Cohn