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Biographical entry Taylor, Thomas Griffith (1880 - 1963)


1 December 1880
Walthamstow, Essex, England
5 November 1963
Manly, New South Wales, Australia
Geographer and Meteorologist


Thomas Taylor was senior geologist to the British Antarctic expedition 1910-1913 under R.F. Scott. He was Associate Professor of Geography, University of Sydney 1920-1928, and then professor at the Universities of Chicago 1928-1935 and Toronto 1935-1951. In 1913 he and E.T. Quayle wrote the first text-book on Australian meteorology Climate and Weather of Australia.



1910 - 1913
Career position - Senior Geologist, R. F. Scott British Antarctic Expedition
Career position - Climate and Weather of Australia co-authored with E.T. Quayle
1920 - 1928
Career position - Associate Professor of Geography, The University of Sydney, Australia
1928 - 1935
Career position - Professor of Geography, The University of Chicago, United States of America
1935 - 1951
Career position - Professor of Geography, The University of Toronto, Canada
1954 -
Award - Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA)

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Thomas Griffith Taylor - Records, 1960, MS 041; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Thomas Griffith Taylor - Records, 1903 - 1933, Uncatalogued MSS set 460; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Thomas Griffith Taylor - Records, 1880 - 1963, MS 1003; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

University of Sydney, Archives

  • Thomas Griffith Taylor - Records, 1899 - 1916, Acc 979; University of Sydney, Archives. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions


  • Sanderson, Marie, Griffith Taylor: Antarctic Scientist and Pioneer Geographer (Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1988), 229 pp. Details
  • Strange, Carolyn and Bashford, Alison, Griffith Taylor: Visionary, Environmentalist, Explorer (Canberra: National Library of Australia, 2008), 200 pp. Details
  • Taylor, T. G., Journeyman Taylor. The Education of a Scientist (London: Hale, 1958). Details
  • Taylor, T. Griffith, Douglas Mawson (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1962). Details

Book Sections

  • Powell, J. M., 'Taylor, Thomas Griffith (1880-1963), Geographer' in Australian Dictionary of Biography, John Ritchie, ed., vol. 12 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1990), pp. 185-188. Details
  • Powell, J.M., 'Thomas Griffith Taylor, 1880-1963' in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004). Details

Conference Papers

  • Oldroyd, D. R., 'Griffith Taylor and his Views on Race, Environment and Settlement and the Peopling of Australia', in Useful and Curious Geological Enquiries Beyond the World: Pacific-Asia Historical Themes: The 19th International INHIGEO Symposium, Sydney, Australia, 4-8 July, 1994 edited by D. F. Branagan and G. H. McNally (Sydney: International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences, 1994), pp. 251-274.. Details

Edited Books

  • Andrews, John ed., Frontiers and men: a volume in memory of Griffith Taylor (1880-1963) (Melbourne: Cheshire, 1966), 186 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • 'Griffith Taylor 1880-1963', Australian Geographical Studies, II (1) (1964), 1-9. Details
  • Bourke, Helen, 'Intellectuals for Export: Australia in the 1920's', Australian Cultural History, 3 (1984), 59-93. Details
  • Hanley, W. S., 'Griffith Taylor's Antarctic Achievements: a Geographical Foundation', Australian Geographical Studies, 18 (1) (1980), 22-36. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'The Bowman, Huntington and Taylor Correspondence, 1928', Australian Geographer, 14 (1978), 123-125. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'The Cyclist on the Ice: Griffith Taylor as Explorer', Royal Geographical Society of Australia (SA Branch), Proceedings (1979), 1-28. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'Thomas Griffith Taylor, 1888-1963', Geographers: Bibliographical Studies, 3 (1979), 141-153. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'Griffith Taylor and 'Australia Unlimited'', Habitat, 8 (1980), 6-8. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'National Identity and the Gifted Immigrant: a Note on T. Griffith Taylor, 1880-1963', Journal of Intercultural Studies, 2 (1981), 43-54. Details
  • Powell, J. M., '1928: Griffith Taylor Emigrates from Australia', Geography Bulletin, 10 (1987), 5-13. Details
  • Quilty, Patrick G., 'Laying the Foundation: Early Australian Earth Scientists in the Antarctic: Part 2 - Geologists with Scott's 1911-1912 Final Expedition', TAG: Geological Society of Australia Newsletter, 161 (2011), 21-6. Details
  • Strange, Carolyn, 'The Personality of Environmental Prediction: Griffith Taylor as "Latter-Day" Prophet', Historical Records of Australian Science, 21 (2010), 133-48. Details


See also

  • Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Technology in Australia 1788-1988, Online edn, Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 3 May 2000, Details
  • Federation and Meteorology, 2001, Details
  • Cooper, Barry J. and Jago, James B., 'Early Understanding of the Cambrian in South Australia: 1839-1910', in The History of Geology in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century; the Story in Australia, and in Victoria, from Selwyn and McCoy to Gregory - 1853 to 1903 edited by Pierson, R. R. (Melbourne: Earth Sciences History Group, GSA Inc., 2007), pp. 20-5.. Details

McCarthy, G.J.