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Biographical entry Dallachy, John (c. 1803 - 1871)

c. 1803
Elginshire, Scotland
4 June 1871
Rockingham Bay, Queensland, Australia
Botanist and Curator


John Dallachy was Overseer, then Superintendent of the Melbourne Botanic Gardens from 1849 to 1857. Between 1853 and 1857 Dallachy made several expeditions throughout Victoria to collect botanical specimens, sometimes in company with Ferdinand Mueller. When Mueller was appointed Director of the Gardens in 1857, Dallachy became Curator, as well as being a field collector for Mueller. In 1861 Dallachy was retrenched and for a short time ran his own nursery before moving to the Rockingham Bay area of North Queensland. For the next ten years he was paid by Mueller as a plant collector and sent a steady stream of specimens to Mueller at the Botanical Museum of Melbourne.



Career position - Manager of a coffee plantation in Ceylon
1848 - 1853
Career position - Overseer for the Melbourne Botanic Gardens
c. 1849
Career position - Expedition to the Baw Baw region
August 1849
Career position - Expedition to Mount Macedon
January 1850
Career position - Expedition to Mount Disappointment
August 1850
Career position - Expedition to Pentland Hills
Career position - Expedition to Ovens Valley and Mount Buffalo
1853 - 1857
Career position - Superintendent of the Melbourne Botanic Gardens
1857 - 1861
Career position - Field collector, Botanical Museum of Melbourne
1857 - 1861
Career position - Curator of the Melbourne Botanic Gardens
Career position - Expedition to Wentworth and Mount Murchison
Taxonomy event - Honoured with Acacia dallachiana F.Muell.
Career position - Expedition to Wimmera River and Lake Hindmarsh
Career position - Private nursery owner in Prahran, Victoria
Taxonomy event - Collector of the type Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell.
1864 - 1871
Career position - Expedition and settlement at Rockingham Bay, Queensland
Taxonomy event - Collector of the type Eucalyptus abergiana F. Muell.

Related Corporate Bodies

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions


  • Musgrave, A., Bibliography of Australian Entomology, 1775-1930 (Sydney: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales., 1932), 380 pp. Details
  • Willis, J. H., Botanical Pioneers in Victoria, vol. 66 ([Melbourne]: [Brown Pier Anderson], 1949), 19 pp. Details

Book Sections

Journal Articles

  • Blake, S. T., 'Some Pioneers in Plant Exploration Classification', Proceedings of the Linnean Society of Queensland, lxvi (1) (1954), 1-19. Details
  • Lavarack, Peter S., 'John Dallachy plant collector, and the establishment of Cardwell', Queensland history journal, 23 (12) (2019), 871-85. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'Records of Victorian Botanists', Victorian Naturalist, 25 (1908), 101-117. Details
  • Sanderson, Rachel, 'Many Beautiful Things: Botanists' Accounts of North Queensland Rainforests', Historical Records of Australian Science, 18 (1) (2007), 1-18. Details


See also

  • Aitken, Richard and Looker, Michael eds, The Oxford Companion to Australian Gardens (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2002), 700 pp. Details
  • Hall, Norman, Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material (Melbourne: CSIRO, 1978), 101 pp. Details

McCarthy, G. J., Rigby, R., Moje, C. & Walsh, N.