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Biographical entry Buzacott, James Hardie (1902 - 1984)

25 August 1902
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
12 January 1984
Cairns, Queensland, Australia


James Hardie Buzacott ("Buz") worked for the Bureau of Sugar Experiment Stations and its predecessor, the Sugar Division of the Department of Agriculture and Stock, for 44 years from 1926-1970, variously as assistant entomologist, senior plant breeder, chief plant breeder (a position which was created for him) and Chief Administration Officer. In 1935/36 he and Reg Mungomery introduced cane toads into Australia in an effort to control the cane beetle which was, at the time, devastating the sugar industry. After experiments with the toads they recommended destroying them, but were overruled by the government and the farmers.


Born Brisbane, 25 August 1902. Died Cairns, 12 January 1984. MBE 1970. Educated University of Queensland (BSc 1925, MSc 1932). Cadet, Department of Agriculture and Stock, Queensland 1925, assistant to Entomologist, Sugar Bureau 1926-30, Assistant Entomologist 1930-47, Senior Plant Breeder 1947-66, Chief Plant Breeder 1966, Chief Administration Officer 1966-70. After retirement continued to deal with requests from sugar producers, CSIRO and Department of Primary Industries. Collected in New South Wales and Queensland, mainly in the north.

Published resources


  • Musgrave, A., Bibliography of Australian Entomology, 1775-1930 (Sydney: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales., 1932), 380 pp. Details


McCarthy, G.J.