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Biographical entry Borchgrevink, Carsten Egeberg (1864 - 1934)

1 December 1864
Christiania, Norway
21 April 1934
Oslo, Norway
Antarctic explorer


Carsten Borchgrevink was an Antarctic explorer, whose group was the first to winter on the continental mainland. Although he was not a properly trained scientist his pioneering work in the Antarctic was valuable to later, more elaborate, scientific expeditions.


Born Christiania, Norway, 1 December 1864. Died Oslo, 21 April 1934. Studied natural science, Royal College, Tharandt, Saxony. Migrated to Australia 1888. Worked on survey teams in Queensland and New South Wales 1892-94; taught languages and natural science, Cooerwull Academy, Bowenfels, New South Wales; deck-hand and scientific work, Antarctic whaling expedition in the "Antarctic"; raised money for a scientific expedition in the "Southern Cross" 1898 (first men to spend a winter on the continental mainland, and made a sledge journey to the highest southern latitude reached in the Antarctic to that date); scientific expedition for the National Geographic Society to the West Indies to study the effects of recent volcanic eruptions 1902. Silver medal, Royal Scottish Geographical Society 1904; Patron's Medal, Royal Geographical Society 1930.

Published resources


  • Baughman, T.H., Before the Heroes Came: Antarctica in the 1890s (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1994), 171 pp. Details

Book Sections

Journal Articles

  • Branagan, D., 'Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink (1864-1934): the man who claimed to be the first to set foot on Antarctica', Earth Sciences History, 33 (1) (2014), 67-121. Details
  • Branagan, D. F., 'Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink (1864-1934): the Man Who Claimed to be the First to Set Foot on Antarctica', Earth Sciences History, 33 (1) (2014), 67-121. Details


McCarthy, G.J.