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Biographical entry Solander, Daniel (1733 - 1782)


19 February 1733
Pitea, Norrland, Sweden
13 May 1782
London, England
Explorer, Zoologist and Naturalist


Daniel Solander was appointed to James Cook's first voyage to the Pacific on board the Endeavour 1768-1771, as a scientific assistant. He was later secretary and librarian to Joseph Banks.



1768 - 1771
Career position - Scientific Assistant aboard the Endeavour
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus gummifera (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Hochr.

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Daniel Solander - Records, 1768 - 1782, ML DOC 1659; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Joseph Banks - Records, 1774 - 1814, MS Q158-161; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Daniel Solander - Records, 1768, MS 3607; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

Powerhouse Museum

  • Joseph Banks - Records, 1766 - 1820, ML MSS 2144; Powerhouse Museum. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions


  • Duyker, Edward, Nature's Argonaut: Daniel Solander, 1733-1782, Naturalist and Voyager with Cook and Banks (Melbourne: Miegunyah Press, 1998), 436 pp. Details
  • Gertsakis, Elizabeth, Curator, Botanical Venus: Daniel Solander in New Holland 2 June - 9 September 2001 (Melbourne: Australia Post, 2001), 16 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Fries, R. E., 'Commemoration Address' in Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences Year-Book (Stockholm: 1940). Details
  • Gilbert, L. A., 'Solander, Daniel (1733-1782), naturalist' in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Douglas Pike, ed., vol. 2 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1967), pp. 456-457. Details

Edited Books

  • Duyker, Edward and Tingbrand, Per eds, Daniel Solander: Collected Correspondence 1753-1782 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press at Miegunyah Press, 1995), 484 pp. Details
  • Gisselqvist, Christian and Tingbrand, Per eds, Daniel Solander 1733-1782, Naturvetenskapsman och Varldsomseglare (Pitea: Pitea Kommuns Kulturnamnd, 1983), 179 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • 'Dr Solander', Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of South Australia, 24 (1922), 77. Details
  • Andrews, John Robert Haydon, 'The East Coast of the North Island: Zoological Collections of the Endeavour Voyage', Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 42 (2) (2012), 139-44. Details
  • Benson, Doug and Eldershaw, Georgina, 'Backdrop to Encounter: the 1770 Landscape of Botany Bay, the Plants collected by Banks and Solander and the Rehabilitation of Natural Vegetation at Kurnell', Cunninghamia, 10 (2007), 113-137. Details
  • Groves, E. W., 'Notes on the botanical specimens collected by Banks and Solander on Cook's first voyage, together with an itinerary of landing localities', Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History, 4 (1) (1962), 57-62. Details
  • Iredale, T., 'Solander as an Ornithologist', Ibis (1913), 127-135. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'Records of Australian Botanists', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, lv (1921), 60-132; 150-169. Details
  • Rose, Edwin D., 'Specimens, slips and systems, Daniel Solander and the classification of nature at the world's first public museum, 1753 - 1768', British Journal for the History of Science, 51 (2) (2018), 205-37. Details
  • Salkin, A. I., 'Short History of the Discovery and Naming of Banksias in Eastern Australia: Part 1, Banks and Solander', Victorian Naturalist, 98 (2) (1981), 69-71. Details


See also

  • Hall, Norman, Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material (Melbourne: CSIRO, 1978), 101 pp. Details

McCarthy, G.J.