Browse Entries

Use Trove to find more resources by/about this Biographical entry

  • Trove


  • The Study of Australian Eucalypts

Biographical entry Gregory, Augustus Charles (1819 - 1905)


  • Click to view this Image

    Eucalyptus gregoriensis N.G.Walsh & Albr. (1998), 23 January 2013

1 August 1819
Farnsfield, Nottinghamshire, England
25 June 1905
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Surveyor and Explorer


Augustus Gregory was one of Australia's most accomplished explorers. As a surveyor for the Western Australian Government he made a succession of expeditions in Western Australia searching for grazing lands and minerals, including major trips to the Irwin River (1846) and the Gascoigne River (1848). He was often accompanied by his brothers Francis and Henry, also surveyors. Gregory was leader of the North Australian Exploring Expedition (1855 - 1856), an expedition notable for the thousands of miles successfully traversed, the significant scientific discoveries, and the fact that all expedition members returned safely. In 1857 Gregory was engaged by the New South Wales Government to search for traces of Ludwig Leichhardt, departing in March 1858 and, having found some traces of the lost explorer, reaching Adelaide in July. His last major expedition was to survey the southern border of Queensland. In 1859 Gregory moved to Queensland where he was employed as Commissioner for Crown Lands and Surveyor General, and for over 20 years was a member of the Queensland Parliament. He was active in local scientific circles, serving two terms as President of the Royal Society of Queensland.



Life event - Migrated to Western Australia with his family
1841 - 1855
Career position - Surveyor, Surveyor General's Department, Western Australia
Career event - Explored Irwin River district, Western Australia
Career event - Explored Gascoigne River district, Western Australia
August 1855 - December 1856
Career position - Leader of the North Australian Exploring Expedition
Award - Founders' Gold Medal, Royal Geographical Society, London
Career position - Leader of New South Wales Government expedition in search of Ludwig Leichhardt
1859 - 1863
Career position - Commissioner for Crown Lands, Queensland Government
1859 - 1879
Career position - Surveyor General, Queensland Government
Award - Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)
1876 - 1883
Career position - Member, Aborigines Commission, Queensland
1876 - 1899
Career position - Trustee, Queensland Museum
1880 - 1905
Career position - Member of Council, Shire of Toowong, Queensland
1882 - 1905
Career position - Member of the Legislative Council, Parliament of Queensland
1883 - 1884
Career position - President, Philosophical Society of Queensland
1887 - 1888
Career position - President, Royal Society of Queensland
Career position - President, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science
Award - Clarke Medal, Royal Society of New South Wales
Award - Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)
Career position - Mayor of Toowong, Queensland

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland

  • Augustus Charles Gregory - Records, 1859 - 1869, OM72-78; John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Augustus Charles Gregory - Records, 1842 - 1903, MS 191-8 and Q420-42; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Augustus Charles Gregory - Records, 1819 - 1905, ML MSS 291; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions


  • Birman, W., Gregory of Rainworth: a man in his time (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 1979), 296 pp. Details
  • Cumpston, H. J. L., Augustus Gregory and the inland sea (Canberra: Roebuck Society, 1972), 146 pp. Details
  • Glover, John with Bevan, Jenny, The Forgotten Explorers: Pioneer geologists of Western Australia, 1826-1926 (Victoria Park, W.A.: Hesperian Press, 2010), 246 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Baigent, Elizabeth, 'Sir Augustus Charles Gregory, 1819-1905' in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004). Details
  • Waterson, D. B., 'Gregory, Sir Augustus Charles (1819-1905), explorer and surveyor-general' in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Douglas Pike, ed., vol. 4 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1972), pp. 293-295. Details

Edited Books

  • Carruthers, Jane and Stiebel, Lindy eds, Thomas Baines: Exploring Tropical Australia, 1855 to 1857 (Canberra: National Museum of Australia Press, 2012), 177 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • Burdon, A., 'Taking Stock', Australian Geographic (1997), 46-67. Details
  • Cohen, Kay, 'Augustus Gregory, 'a Biased Civil Servant': an Administrative Perspective', Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland, 14 (1992), 393-402. Details
  • Cohn, Helen M., 'Mueller and the North Australian Exploring Expedition', Victorian Naturalist, 113 (1996), 163-168. Details
  • Gregory, A. C., 'Journal of the North Australian Exploring Expedition, under the command of Augustus C. Gregory, Esq.(Gold Medallist R.G.S.), with report by Mr Elsey on the health of the party', Journal of the Royal geographical Society, 28 (1858), 1-137. Details


See also

  • Science and the making of Victoria, with Royal Society of Victoria, 2001, Details
  • Etherington, John, 'Recovering the Imperial Context of the Mid-Victorian Exploration of Northern Australia, 1855-57' in European Perceptions of Terra Australis, Scott, Anne M., Hiatt, Alfred, McIlroy, Claire and Wortham, Christopher, eds (Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2012), pp. 33-46. Details
  • Feeken, Erwin H. J., Feeken, Gerda E. E. and Spate, O. H. K., The discovery and exploration of Australia (Melbourne: Thomas Nelson (Australia), 1970), 318 pp. Details
  • Henderson, M. Helen and Henderson, William G., The greater prize than gold: Augustus Oldfield, nineteenth century botanical collector and ethnographer (Perth, W.A.: The Book Reality Experience, 2018), 520 pp. Details

Digital resources

Eucalyptus gregoriensis N.G.Walsh & Albr. (1998)
23 January 2013
Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne
The name of this eucalypt refers to the Gregory National Park in the Northern Territory. Neville Walsh and David Albrecht, the authors who named the tree in 1998, also commemorate A.C. Gregory who was the first European to explore the area in 1855-1856.


McCarthy, G.J. and Helen Cohn