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Biographical entry Breinl, Anton (1880 - 1944)

2 July 1880
Vienna, Austria
28 June 1944
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Zoologist and Medical scientist


Anton Breinl was a specialist in protozoology and from 1909 the first Director of the Australian Institute of Tropical Medicine in Townsville, Queensland. In 1920 he was forced to resign due to post-war intolerance and practiced privately.


Born Vienna, 2 July 1880. Died Sydney, 28 June 1944. Educated Charles University, Prague (medical degree 1904) and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. Yellow Fever Expedition to Brazil 1905; research at London School of Tropical Medicine 1904-05, 1906-07, director of its Runcorn Research Laboratory 1907-09; first director, Australian Institute of Tropical Medicine, Townsville 1910-20; private practice, Townsville, 1920-44. Lectured on midwifery to trainee nurses, Townsville General Hospital until his death. Mary Kingsley Medal for research in tropical medicine 1910.

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Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Harry Brookes Allen - Records, 1901 - 1917, MS 002; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Published resources

Book Sections

  • Douglas, R. A., 'Breinl, Anton (1880-1944), medical scientist and practitioner' in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle, eds, vol. 7 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1979), pp. 394-395. Details
  • Harloe, Lori, 'Anton Breinl and the Australian Institute of Tropical Medicine' in Health and healing in tropical Australia and New Guinea, MacLeod, Roy and Denoon, Donald, eds (Townsville, Qld: James Cook University, 1991), pp. 34-46. Details

Journal Articles

  • 'Obituary: Anton Breinl', Australian Journal of Science, 7 (1) (1944), 29-30. Details
  • Anon, 'Anton Breinl', Medical Journal of Australia, 1944 (2) (1944), 443. Details
  • Douglas, R. A., 'Dr Anton Breinl and the Australian Institute of Tropical Medicine', Medical Journal of Australia (1977). Details


See also

  • Angus, B. M., Cannon, L. G. R. and Adlard, R. D., 'Parasitology and the Queensland Museum, with Biographical Notes on Collectors', Memoirs of the Queensland Museum: Nature, 53 (2007), 1-156. Details
  • Howie-Willis, Ian, 'The pioneers of Australian military malariology: some biographical profiles (part 1)', Journal of Military and Veterans' Health, 24 (1) (2016), 12-24. Details
  • McGregor, Russell, 'Northern optimism: the Preliminary Scientific Expedition to the Northern Territory, 1911', Northern Territory Historical Studies, 24 (2013), 39-51. Details
  • Spencer, Margaret, Malaria: the Australian Experience, 1843-1991 (Townsville: Australian College of Tropical Medicine, 1994), 213 pp. Details

McCarthy, G.J.