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Biographical entry Bailey, Frederick Manson (1827 - 1915)

8 March 1827
Hackney, London, England
25 June 1915
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Botanical collector, Botanist and Horticulturalist


Frederick Bailey was the Colonial Botanist in Queensland 1881-1915. He had earlier been appointed by the Queensland Government as botanist to investigate the cause of diseases affecting livestock and plants. Frederick Manson collected plant specimen all over Queensland and in British New Guinea and made an important contribution to the naming and classification of eucalypts. His son was John Frederick Bailey and his grandson was Cyril Tenison White.


After arriving in Adelaide in 1839, Bailey partnered his father and brother in a nursery at Hackney, near Adelaide. He then made a short visit to the Bendigo goldfields. Bailey eventually moved to Queensland where he set up his own seed supply store and plant collection business. He soon gained respect as a botanist, obtaining many distinguished career positions. Frederick Bailey's name was given to more than 50 species of plants. He published many significant volumes documenting Queensland's flora include the seven volume The Queensland flora (1899-1905) and Handbook of the Ferns of Queensland (1874).


Life event - Arrived in Australia (Adelaide)
1858 - 1861
Career position - Land holder in the Hutt Valley area of New Zealand
1861 - 1875
Career position - Seed store owner and plant exporter in Brisbane
1875 - 1879
Career position - Botanist on the Queensland Government board to inquire into the causes of diseases affecting livestock and plants
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus planchoniana F.Muell. Bailey collected the type.
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus baileyana F.Muell. named for Bailey, who collected the type
1880 - 1882
Career position - Acting Curator at the Queensland museum
1881 - 1915
Career position - Colonial Botanist in Queensland
Career position - President of the Royal Society of Queensland
Award - Clarke Medal received from the Royal Society of New South Wales
Taxonomy event - Collected and described Eucalyptus leichhardtii F.M.Bailey (= Eucalyptus peltata Benth. (F. M. Bailey) ssp. Leichhardtii L. Johnson & D. Blaxell (1973)). Now Corymbia leichhardtii (F.M.Bailey) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson (1995)
Career position - President of the biology section of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science
Award - Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)

Related Corporate Bodies

Related People

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Frederick Manson Bailey - Records, 1876 - 1896; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

National Herbarium, Melbourne

  • Ferdinand Jakob Heinrich von Mueller - Records, 1888 - 1889, MSS M31; National Herbarium, Melbourne. Details
  • Frederick Manson Bailey - Records, 1875 - 1889, MSS M5; National Herbarium, Melbourne. Details

Queensland Herbarium

  • Frederick Manson Bailey - Records, 1887 - 1915; Queensland Herbarium. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions


  • Bailey, F. Manson, Handbook to the ferns of Queensland : compiled from the most recent works on ferns and an introduction to fern study (Brisbane: Thorne and Greenwell, 1874), 72 pp. Details
  • Bailey, F. Manson & Gordon, P. R., Plants reputed poisonous and injurious to stock (Brisbane: Government Printer, 1887), 112 pp. Details
  • Bailey, F.M., Contributions to the Queensland Flora (Brisbane: Government Printer, 1891), 39 pp. Details
  • Bailey, Frederick Manson, The Queensland flora: with plates illustrating some rare species [7 v.] (Brisbane: Queensland Government, 1899-1905). Details

Book Sections

Journal Articles

  • Bailey, F. M., 'Medicinal Plants of Queensland', The Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 5 (1880), 1-29. Details
  • Bailey, F. M., 'A Concise History of Australian Botany', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, 8 (1891), xvii-xli. Details
  • Bailey, F.M., 'Eucalyptus leichhardtii', Queensland Agricultural Journal, 16 (8) (1906), 493. Details
  • Clements, Gail, 'Colonial Science: F.M. Bailey and the Proposed Supplement to Flora Australiensis', Historical Records of Australian Science, 12 (2) (1998), 149-162. Details
  • Dowe, John L., 'F. M. Bailey's Ascent of Mt Bellenden-Ker in 1889, and Notes on the Publication Priority of New Vascular Plant Species from The Expedition', Austrobaileya, 7 (2007), 555-566. Details
  • Johnston, T. Harvey, 'Frederick Manson Bailey, CMG, FLS Presidential Address', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, 28 (1916), 3-10. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'Records of Australian Botanists', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, lv (1921), 60-132; 150-169. Details
  • Sanderson, Rachel, 'Many Beautiful Things: Botanists' Accounts of North Queensland Rainforests', Historical Records of Australian Science, 18 (1) (2007), 1-18. Details
  • White, C. T., 'The Bailey Family and its Place in the Botanical History of Australia', The Journal of the Historical Society of Queensland, 3 (5) (1945), 362-368. Details
  • White, C.T., 'F.M. Bailey: His Life and Work', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, lxi (1950), 105-114. Details


See also

  • Hall, Norman, Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material (Melbourne: CSIRO, 1978), 101 pp. Details

McCarthy, G.J., Alafaci, A.& Moje, C.