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Biographical entry Burnet, Frank Macfarlane (1899 - 1985)

Kt cr, AK, OM, KBE, FAA, FRS

Born
3 September 1899
Traralgon, Victoria, Australia
Died
31 August 1985
Occupation
Medical scientist and Biologist

Summary

Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet was Director of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne 1944-1966. In 1960 he (with P. Medawar) was awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of acquired immunological tolerance. His work influenced the later developments of DNA sequencing.

Details

Events

1922
Education - Bachelor of Medicine (MB) and Bachelor of Surgery (BS) completed at the University of Melbourne
1924
Education - Doctor of Medicine (MD) received from the University of Melbourne
1925 - 1927
Career position - Beit Memorial Fellowship received from the Lister Institute in London
1928
Education - Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) completed at the University of London
1928 - 1931
Career position - Bacteriologist at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI)
1932 - 1933
Career position - National Institute of Medical Research funded work in London
1934 - 1943
Career position - Assistant Director of WEHI
1935
Award - Stewart Prize received from the British Medical Association
1938
Award - Walter Burfitt Prize received from the Royal Society of New South Wales
1939
Award - Cilento Medal received from the Australian Institute of Anatomy
1942
Award - Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)
1944 - 1965
Career position - Director of WEHI
1947
Award - Royal Medal received from the Royal Society
1951
Award - Knight Bachelor (Kt cr)
1953
Award - Charles Mickle Fellowship received from the University of Toronto, Canada
1953
Award - Lasker Award received from the American Public Health Association
1953
Award - Elizabeth II Coronation Medal received
1954
Award - Von Behring Prize for 1952 received from the University of Marburg
1954
Award - James Cook Medal received from the Royal Society of New South Wales
1954
Award - Foundation Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA)
1954
Award - Foreign Associate of the US National Academy of Sciences
1957
Award - President of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science (ANZAAS)
1957
Award - Foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science
1958
Award - Member of the Order of Merit (OM)
1958
Award - Galen Medal received from the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries of London
1959
Award - Matthew Flinders Medal received from the Australian Academy of Science
1959
Award - Copley Medal received from the Royal Society
1960
Award - Honorary member of the Royal Society of New Zealand
1960
Award - Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine received
1961
Award - Second Order of the Rising Sun (with Double Rays) received
1962
Award - New York University Medal received
1962
Award - ANZAAS Mueller Medal received (Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science)
1963
Award - James Spence Medal received from the British Paediatric Association
1965 - 1969
Award - President of the Australian Academy of Science
1966 - 1977
Career position - Writer and elder statesman of science at the University of Melbourne
1967
Award - Silver Medal received from the l'Institut de Microbiologie et d'Hygiene de l'Université de Montreal, Canada
1967
Award - Royal Institute of Public Health and Hygiene Medal received
1969
Award - Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
1971
Award - First International Congress of Immunology Award received
1973
Award - Distinguished Service Award received from the International Association of Allergy
1977
Award - Elizabeth II Jubilee Medal received
1978
Award - Knight of the Order of Australia (AK)

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Frank Macfarlane Burnet - Records, 1924 - 1976, MS 098; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details
  • Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Research in Pathology and Medicine, c. 1936 - c. 1940, MS 052; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

The University of Melbourne Archives

  • Frank Macfarlane Burnet - Records, 1880 - 1986, 89/34; The University of Melbourne Archives. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Burnet, Frank Macfarlane, Changing Patterns an Atypical Autobiography, Heinemann, Melbourne, 1968, 282 pp. Details
  • Burnet, Macfarlane, Endurance of Life: the Implication of Genetics for Human Life, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria, 1978, 230 pp. Details
  • Burnet, Macfarlane, Sir, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, 1915-1965, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria, 1971, 193 pp. Details
  • McCarthy, Gavan; Manhal, Oscar; O'Sullivan, Lisa; Sherratt, Tim, A Guide to the Records of Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian Science Archives Project, Melbourne, 1993, 156 pp. Details
  • Sexton, Christopher, The Seeds of Time: the Life of Sir Macfarlane Burnet, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1992, 301 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Beale, R, 'Frank Macfarlane Burnet', in Australia's Nobel Laureates - Adventures in Innovation, ABIE Australian Business and Investment Explorer, Sydney, 2004, pp. 44-53. Details
  • Burnet, Frank Macfarlane, 'Charles Halliley Kellaway (1889-1952), Medical Scientist', in John Ritchie (ed.), Australian Dental Journal, vol. 9, Clarendon Press, Melbourne, 1983, pp. 546-547. Details
  • Burnet, Frank Macfarlane, 'The Clonal Selection Theory af Acquired Immunity', in Debra Jan Bibel (ed.), Milestones in Immunology: A Historical Exploration, Science Tech, London, 1988, pp. 185-187. Details
  • Burnet, Frank Macfarlane; Fenner, Frank, 'The Production of Antibodies', in Debra Jan Bibel (ed.), Milestones in Immunology: A Historical Exploration, Science Tech, London, 1988, pp. 181-184. Details
  • Mazumdar, Pauline M. H., 'Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, 1899-1985', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004. Details

Journal Articles

  • Burnet, Frank Macfarlane, 'David Orme Masson', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, vol. 25, 1958, pp. 530-532. Details
  • Crust, Eileen; Tauber, Alfred A., 'Selfhood, Immunity, and the Biological Imagination: TheThought of Frank Macfarlane Burnet', Biology & Philosophy, vol. 15, no. 4, 2000, pp. 509-533. Details
  • Fenner, F., 'Frank Macfarlane Burnet, 1899-1985', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 7, no. 1, 1987, pp. 39-77. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9870710039.htm. Details
  • Flesch, Juliet and McPhee, Peter, '150 Years, 150 Stories: Frank Macfarlane Burnet', Uni News, vol. 12, no. 15, 2003, p. 4. Details
  • Mackay, I. R., 'The 'Burnet Era' of Immunology: Origins and Influence', Immunology and Cell Biology, vol. 69, no. 5, 1991, pp. 301-305. Details
  • Mackay, I. R., 'Burnet Oration: Auto-immunity, Paradigms of Burnet and Complexities of Today', Immunology and Cell Biology, vol. 70, 1992, pp. 159-171. Details
  • Marchalonis, John J., 'Burnet and Nossal: the Impact of Immunology on the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute', Quaterly Review of Biology, vol. 69, 1994, pp. 53-67. Details
  • Nossal, G. J. V., 'Sir Frank MacFarlane Burnet (1899-1985)', Nature, vol. 317, 1985, p. 108. Details
  • Nossal, G. J. V., 'Burnet, Sir Frank Macfarlane (1899-1985), Medical Scientist', Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 17, 2007, pp. 160-164. Also available at http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/burnet-sir-frank-macfarlane-mac-12267. Details
  • Nossal, Gustav, 'Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, OM, FRS, Nobel Laureate, 1899-1985', Eureka Street, vol. 9, no. 7, 1999, pp. 22-27. Details
  • Sankaran, N., 'Mutant Bacteriophages, Frank Macfarlane Burnet and the Changing Nature of 'Genespeak' in the 1930s', Journal of the History of Biology, vol. 43, 2010, pp. 571-599. Details
  • Wood, I. J., 'Appreciation of Frank Macfarlane Burnet', Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science, vol. 43, 1965, pp. 327-336. Details

Online Resources

See also

Digital resources

Title
Frank Macfarlane Burnet
Type
Image

Details

Title
Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet
Type
Image
Publisher
Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre

Details

McCarthy, G.J.