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Biographical entry Troup, Gilbert Reynolds (1896 - 1962)

4 February 1896
Christchurch, New Zealand
14 August 1962
Perth, Western Australia, Australia


Gilbert Troup was a pioneer of modern anaesthesia in Australia and came to specialist in thoracic anaesthesia. For 40 years he was associated with the (Royal) Perth Hospital, as well as holding senior positions at other Perth hospitals including the Repatriation General Hospital. He made several study trips to the United Kingdom and the U.S.A. in the 1920s and 1930s, as a result of which he introduced to Australia techniques and equipment such as cyclopropane, the Magill tube and the Foregger Midget portable anaesthesia machine. Troup was an early proponent of endotracheal intubation and the use of curare. He was a key contributor to anaesthetic literature in the inter-war period. In 1934 he was a leading figure in establishment of Australian Society of Anaesthetists and served as President from 1939 to 1946.



Education - MB BS, University of Melbourne
1923 - 1924
Career position - Resident Medical Officer, Perth Hospital
1925 - 1929
Career position - Junior Honorary Physician, Perth Hospital
1925 - 1929
Career position - In general practice, Subiaco, Perth, Western Australia
Education - Member, Royal College of Physicians, London
1934 -
Career position - Founding Member, Australian Society of Anaesthetists
1938 - 1962
Career position - Fellow, Royal Australian College of Physicians
1939 - 1946
Career position - President, Australian Society of Anaesthetists
1940 - 1944
Career position - Served with the Australian Army Medical Corps (Militia)
1944 -
Career position - Honorary Physician, Royal Perth Hospital
Career position - Senior Anaesthetist, Repatriation General Hospital, Hollywood, Western Australia
Career position - Fellow, Faculty of Anaesthetists, Royal College of Surgeons
1953 -
Career position - Fellow of the Faculty of Anaesthetists, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons

Related Corporate Bodies

Published resources


  • McDonald, G. L., Roll of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (Sydney: Royal Australasian College of Physicians, 1988), 332 pp. Details

Book Sections

Journal Articles

  • Ball, Christine M., 'The Foregger Midget: a machine that traveled', Anesthesiology, 119 (5) (2013), 1023-30. Details
  • Clark, F. J., 'Gilbert Reynolds Troup', Medical Journal of Australia, 1963 (1) (1963), 485-7. Details
  • Cohen, H., 'Gilbert Reynolds Troup', Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, 1 (4) (1973), 323-4. Details
  • Haridas, R. P. and Nichols, T. T., 'Arthur Guedel's laryngeal plug', Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, 41 (4 supp.) (2013), 16-18. Details


Helen Cohn