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Biographical entry Florey, Howard Walter (1898 - 1968)


24 September 1898
Malvern, South Australia, Australia
21 February 1968
Oxford, Oxfordshire, England


Howard Florey was Professor of Pathology, University of Sheffield 1931-1935 and at the University of Oxford 1935-1962. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1945 for work on penicillin and was Chancellor of the Australian National University 1965-1968. Florey was educated at the Universities of Adelaide (MB, BS), Oxford (MA, BSc) and Cambridge (PhD 1927). He was created Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston in 1965.



Education - Rhodes Scholar for South Australia
Career position - Rockefeller Travelling Fellow in the United States
1927 - ?
Career position - Huddersfield Lecturer in Special Pathology at the University of Cambridge, UK
1931 - 1935
Career position - Joseph Hunter Professor of Pathology at the University of Sheffield, UK
1941 -
Award - Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)
Award - Knighted
Award - Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine received (shared with E. Chain and A. Fleming)
1960 - 1965
Career position - First Australian President of the Royal Society
1962 -
Career position - Professor of Pathology and Head of the Pathology School at the University of Oxford, UK
Award - Life Peer
1965 - 1968
Career position - Chancellor of the Australian National University in Canberra

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

John Curtin School of Medical Research

  • Howard Walter Florey - Records, 1945 - 1955; John Curtin School of Medical Research. Details

National Library of Australia Oral History Collection

  • Howard Walter Florey - Records, 1905 - 1967, DeB 220-221; National Library of Australia Oral History Collection. Details

Powerhouse Museum

  • Royal de Rohan Barondes, 1944 - 1955, 99/30/1:3, 2002/87/1; Powerhouse Museum. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions



  • Bickel, Lennard, Rise up to life: a biography of Howard Walter Florey who gave Penicillin to the world (London: Angus and Robertson (U.K.), 1972), 314 pp. Details
  • Bickel, Lennard, Florey, the Man who Made Penicillin. (South Melbourne: Sun Books, 1983). Details
  • Lax, Eric, The Mould in Dr Florey's Coat: the Remarkable True Story of the Penicillin Miracle (London: Little, Brown, 2004), 389 pp. Details
  • MacFarlane, Robert Gwyn, Howard Florey, The Making of a Great Scientist (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979). Details
  • Williams, Trevor I., Howard Florey: Penicillin and After (London: Oxford University Press, 1984), 417 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Beale, R, 'Howard Walter Florey' in Australia's Nobel Laureates - Adventures in Innovation (Sydney: ABIE Australian Business and Investment Explorer, 2004), pp. 34-43. Details
  • Fenner, Frank, 'Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston (1898-1968), medical scientist' in Australian Dictionary of Biography, John Ritchie, ed., vol. 14 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1996), pp. 188-190. Details

Journal Articles

  • Fenner, Frank, 'Obituary: Howard Walter Florey: Baron of Adelaide and Marston', Australian Journal of Science, 31 (1) (1968), 37-39. Details
  • Florey, Howard, 'David Rivett Memorial Lecture. The Development of Modern Science', Australian Journal of Science, 26 (1963), 99-105. Details
  • Florey, Howard, 'Development of Modern Science', Australian Journal of Science, 26 (4) (1963), 99-105. Details
  • Wernert, Gregory T., 'Howard Florey: the Man behind Penicillin', Chemistry in Australia, 65 (8) (1998), 21-25. Details


Resource Sections

See also

McCarthy, G.J.