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Hagenbach, Emma; Hagenbach, Paul
Southern Riverina Destinations 1853-1900; or, The Engineering Heritage and Public Architecture of the Road, River and Railway Destinations in the Southern Riverina of New South Wales, Australia, 1853-1900
First International and Eighth Australian Engineering Heritage Conference 1996: Shaping Our Future; Proceedings
Institution of Engineers, Australia Institution of Engineers, Australia, Barton, Australian Capital Territory, 1996, pp. 173-178

By 1853 the Southern Riverina had been sparsely settled west from Wagga Wagga as far as Hay and Deniliquin, and the Murray River as far west as Echuca. The Inland Settlers were limited by a total lack of roads and bridges, and therefore lines of supply. 1853 saw the arrival of River Steamers from South Australia to the Murray and Murrimbidgee Rivers, followed closely by Railway links to Melbourne, and later to Sydney. The River and Rail connections brought prosperity to pastoralists, although there was a complex overlay of political and commercial influences throughout the Century. All this reflected in the Engineering, and then in the Architecture of those amazing years. Much of the Architecture, Civil and Mechanical Engineering - boats, cranes, wharves, roads, bridges and railways - were built under bold, innovative and courageous circumstances. Each Destination required an interlink of Public Buildings, such as Inns, Warehouses, Court Houses, Churches, Town Halls and Railway Stations. Many of these works remain as part of our Architectural and Engineering Heritage.

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