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Preston, Keith
Tasmanian Water Powered Flour Mills: Early 19th Century Survivors
First International and Eighth Australian Engineering Heritage Conference 1996: Shaping Our Future; Proceedings
Institution of Engineers, Australia, Barton, Australian Capital Territory, 1996, pp. 129-135

Flour mills driven by animal, wind and water power were erected in all Australian states before 1850, being associated with the spread of early settlements. In most areas they formed the first mechanised industrial process and many worked into the latter half of the 19th century before being superseded by steam, and later, electric powered mills. Relatively few of these early mills remain structurally intact, and even fewer retain machinery in their original form. Three surviving water powered flour mills constructed between 1820-40 in Tasmania are described and shown to retain many of the features reflecting late 18th century technology. The maintenance of these structures has so far been undertaken by the present landowners, but more extensive funding and assistance is required to ensure their continued survival as no comparable water mills remain on the Australian mainland.

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