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Leybourne-Ward, N.
Historic Flour Mills SA: Diversity and Evolution
First International and Eighth Australian Engineering Heritage Conference 1996: Shaping Our Future; Proceedings
Institution of Engineers, Australia, Barton, Australian Capital Territory, 1996, pp. 109-122

The development of the province of South Australia was linked to agriculture, especially wheat farming and flour milling; this gave rise to the epithet the granary of the Empire. The synergy between land clearing for grain and the plethora of small settlements stimulated the growth of shipping and (later) rail services. Grain supported the new mining and manufacturing centres and surplus grain and flour was exported to other colonies and many countries overseas. Flour milling was the colony's first major secondary industry. In the early days, from 1840, there was a diversity of mill types using all available modes of power. As they evolved through steam power driving millstones to steam power with rollers the numbers increased dramatically and then consolidated into fewer larger mills and a handful of capital intensive companies. Many of the early stone structures remain and these picturesque buildings have a new lease of life as restaurants, museums, motels and houses.

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