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Biographical entry Lindon, Leonard Charles Edward (1896 - 1978)


8 February 1896
North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
28 August 1978
North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia


Leonard Lindon was the first neurosurgeon appointed to South Australia's main teaching hospital, Royal Adelaide Hospital, and headed it's neurosurgical unit for 20 years. In his early career London practiced as a general surgeon. An extended tour of leading neurosurgical centres in Europe and North America 1929 - 1930 influenced him to specialise in neurosurgery. His concept of a modern neurological unit, including specialised theatre staff and a research component, was not wholly realised, but he laid the foundation for his successor to develop a state-wide, multidisciplinary head injury service. Lindon's principal interests were brain tumours, aneurysms, and head injuries and traumas. He readily adopted innovative techniques such as air ventriculography and encephalography, and was among the first in Australia to obtain X-rays of blood vessels in the brain. Lindon was a pioneer in intervertebral disc protrusion surgery and in 1945 performed Australia's first prefrontal leucotomy. He was active in professional organisations, serving as President of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and being a founding Member of the Society of Australasian Neurological Surgeons in 1940.



1915 - 1916
Career position - Served with the Australian Imperial Forces
Education - MB, University of Adelaide
1920 - 1922
Award - Rhodes Scholarship, Balliol College, University of Oxford
Education - Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh
Education - Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons, London
Education - MS, University of Adelaide
1925 - 1931
Career position - Honorary Assistant Surgeon, Adelaide Hospital
1931 - 1946
Career position - Honorary Surgeon, Royal Adelaide Hospital
1931 - 1951
Career position - Head of the neurological unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital
Career position - Founding Member, Society of Australasian Neurological Surgeons
Career position - Served with Australian Army Medical Corps
1946 - 1951
Career position - Honorary Neurosurgeon, Royal Adelaide Hospital
Life event - Retired from Royal Adelaide Hospital
1956 - 1958
Career position - Vice-President, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
1959 - 1961
Career position - President, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
Career position - President, Neurosurgical Research Foundation
Award - Knight Bachelor (Kt) for services to neurosurgery

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Published resources

Book Sections

Journal Articles

  • Anon, 'Sir Leonard Lindon', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 1979, no. 2, 1979, pp. 141-2. Details
  • Simpson, Donald, 'Neurosurgery in the age of Cushing: the achievement of Leonard Lindon', ANZ Journal of Surgery, vol. 82, 2012, pp. 311-7. Details

Online Resources

See also

  • Curtis, J. Bryant, Miller, Douglas and Simpson, Donald, 'The Neurosurgical Society of Australasia: the first forty years', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery, vol. 50, no. 4, 1980, pp. 434-7. Details
  • Simpson, D. A., Jamieson, K. G. and Morson, S. M., 'The foundations of neurosurgery in Australian and New Zealand', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery, vol. 44, no. 3, 1974, pp. 215-27. Details

Helen Cohn