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Biographical entry Sage, Annie Moriah (1895 - 1969)


17 August 1895
Somerville, Victoria, Australia
6 April 1969
Frankston, Victoria, Australia


Annie Moriah Sage's distinguished military nursing career in the Second World War included the introduction of the Australian Army Medical Women's Service Training Scheme and she was closely involved in the planning and establishment of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps as an integral part of the Australian Regular Army and the Citizen Military Forces. After the war she took an active and leading role in the establishment of the War Nurses Memorial Centre and the Centaur War Nurses Fund. Through her work with the (Royal) College of Nursing she made a very important contribution to postgraduate nursing education. She was also active in the negotiations that brought about the 1958 Nurses' Act which gave wider power to the registering authority, the Victorian Nursing Council.


CBE (Military Division) 1951. Educated Royal Melbourne Hospital; midwifery training, Melbourne Women's Hospital; infant welfare training, Victorian Baby Health Centre and Diploma, Sanitary Institute of London; Health Visitor and School Nurse certificates, Sanitary Institute of London. Matron, Victorian Baby Health Centres Training School 1931-39; Royal Australian Army Nursing Service 1939; Matron 2/2nd Australian General Hospital 1940; Matron-in-Chief, Australian Imperial Forces 1941; Matron-in-Chief (rank of Colonel), Royal Australian Army Nursing Service 1943-47; Lady Superintendent, (Royal) Women's Hospital, Melbourne 1947-51. Royal Red Cross Medal 1942; Florence Nightingale Medal 1947; International Geneva Red Cross Award 1947. Foundation member, first president and honorary fellow, (Royal) College of Nursing, Australia.


Award - Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)

Archival resources

Australian War Memorial Research Centre

  • Report on tour of Duty to Sumatra by Col Ann N Sage Matron-in-Chief, AANS, 1942 - 1945, AWM54 553/6/2; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Sage, Annie Moriah (Matron b: 1895 d: 1969), 1940, PR00636; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details

National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office

  • Sage, Annie Moriah - Pay ledger, history cards, allotment cards, tax deduction cards, 1940 - 1947, MT415/1 VX361; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • Sage, Annie Moriah, Colonel RRC CBE, 1939 - 1987, B883 VFX361; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details

National Archives of Australia, National Office

  • Miss A. M. Sage - Honour (awarded CBE), 1950, A463 1959/3672; National Archives of Australia, National Office. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Biographical cuttings on Annie M. Sage, Matron-in-Chief of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps, 1942-1952, Cuttings Files BIOG; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

Nurses Memorial Centre

  • Annie Moriah Sage, Portrait; Nurses Memorial Centre. Details

Royal College of Nursing, Australia, Archives

  • Annie Moriah Sage, Records, 1948 - 1987, Series 252/13 Box 234; Royal College of Nursing, Australia, Archives. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions


  • Jeffrey, Betty, Matron A.M. Sage 'Sammie': a Tribute by Betty Jeffrey, Herald Gravure Printers, 1970?. Details
  • Minchin, Maureen Kathryn, Revolutions and Rosewater: the Evolution of Nurse Registration in Victoria, 1923-1973, Victorian Nursing Council, Melbourne, 1977. Details
  • Smith, Russel G., In Pursuit of Nursing Excellence: a History of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia 1949-1999, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1999, 390 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • McCarthy, Janice, 'Sage, Annie Moriah (1895-1969), army matron-in-chief', in John Ritchie and Diane Langmore (eds), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 16, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 2002, p. 166. Also available at Details

Online Resources

See also

  • Alexander, John A. (ed.), Who's Who in Australia 1944, vol. 12, The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd, Melbourne, 1944, 906 pp. Details
  • Jeffrey, Betty, White Coolies, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1954. Details
  • Williams, Jennifer A., Victoria's Living Memorial: History of the Nurses Memorial Centre, 1948-1990, Nurses Memorial Centre, Melbourne, 1991. Details

Digital resources

Annie Moriah Sage


Helen Hamilton for ANMHP