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Biographical entry Shine, John (1946 - )

AC, FAA

Born
3 July 1946
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Occupation
Biochemist and Molecular biologist

Summary

John Shine is an internationally renowned molecular biologist who discovered the nucleotide sequence, called the Shine-Dalgarno sequence, which is the basis for the initiation and termination of protein synthesis. This key discovery was crucial to understanding gene expression and regulation, and the development of genetic engineering. He played a central role in the cloning of insulin and growth hormone genes, at the same time developing sophisticated gene-cloning techniques. As Executive Director of the Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, from 1990 to 2011, Shine significantly expanded .the Institute, particularly in forging closer connections between research, clinical practice and commercialisation of research discoveries. Shine has held key positions in a wide range of scientific and biotechnology research and policy organisations. He has a long-standing focus on translating research discoveries into improved health care for the social and economic benefit of the community. He became President Australian Academy of Science in 2018, where the Shine Dome is named in his honour

Details

Events

1972
Education - BSc (Hons), Australian National University
1975
Education - PhD, Australian National University
1975 - 1976
Career position - Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco
1976 - 1978
Career position - Research Biochemist, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, U.S.A.
1978 - 1980
Career position - Research Fellow, Molecular Biology Unit, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University
1980
Award - Boehringer-Mannheim Medal, Australian Biochemical Society
1980 - 1983
Career position - Fellow, Department of Genetics, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University
1981 - 1987
Career position - Associate Director, Centre for Recombinant DNA Research, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University
1982
Award - Gottschalk Medal, Australian Academy of Science
1983 - 1987
Career position - Senior Fellow, Department of Genetics, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University
1984 -
Career position - Member, Editorial Board, DNA and Cell Biology
1984 - 1986
Career position - Senior Vice President, Research and Development and Director of Research, California Biotechnology Inc., California
1985 - 1987
Career position - Adjunct Professor, Metabolic Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of California
1986 - 1987
Career position - President and Chief Scientific Officer, California Biotechnology Inc., California
1987 -
Career position - Professor of Molecular Biology, University of New South Wales
1987 - 1989
Career position - Member, Board of Directors, California Biotechnology Inc.
1987 - 1990
Career position - Deputy Director, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney
1987 - 1990
Career position - Chairman, Pacific Biotechnology Ltd, Sydney
1990 -
Career position - Professor of Medicine, University of New South Wales
1990 - 2011
Career position - Executive Director, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, St Vincent's Hospital
1992 - 1998
Career position - Chairman, CRC for Biopharmaceutical Research
1992 - 1999
Career position - President, Australian Genomic Information Centre
1994 -
Award - Fellow, Australian Academy of Science
1996
Award - Fellow, Australian Academy of Science
1998 - 2000
Career position - President, Association of Australian Medical Research Institutes
1998 - 2001
Career position - Council Member, Australian Academy of Science
2001
Award - Centenary Medal for service to Australian society and science in molecular genetics
2001 - 2003
Career position - Chairman, Australian Genome Research Facility
2002 - 2007
Career position - Secretary for Biological Sciences, Australian Academy of Science
2003 -
Award - Honorary Fellow, Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia
2003 - 2005
Career position - Member, Prime Minister's Science, Engineering and Innovation Council
2003 - 2006
Career position - Chairman, National Health and Medical Research Council
2003 - 2006
Career position - Board Member, Australian Research Council (ARC)
2004 - 2014
Career position - Member, Advisory Board, Harry Perkins Institute of Medical Research, Western Australia
2006
Award - DSc (honoris causa), University of New South Wales
2006 - 2011
Career position - Director, CSL Ltd
2010
Award - Prime Minister's Prize for Science
2010 - 2011
Career position - Member, Prime Minister's Science, Engineering and Innovation Council
2010 - 2013
Career position - Board Member, National Breast Cancer Foundation
2010 - 2015
Career position - Chairman, Karl MacManus Foundation
2011 -
Career position - Chairman, CSL Ltd
2011 -
Career position - Head, Neuronal Stem Cells Laboratory. Garvan Institute of Medical Research
2011
Award - Peter Wills Medal for outstanding contribution to building Australia's national and international reputation in the realm of health and medical research, Research Australia
2011 - 2016
Career position - Chairman, Museum of Applied Arts and Science, Sydney
2014 -
Career position - Chair, Research Advisory Committee, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute
2015 -
Award - Honorary Fellow, Australian Academy of Health and Medical Sciences
2017
Award - Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) for eminent service to medical research, particularly in the area of biopharmaceuticals and molecular biology, to higher education as an academic, to professional medical organisations, and as a supporter of the advancement of innovation in science
2018 -
Career position - President, Australian Academy of Science

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