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Biographical entry Wragge, Clement Lindley (1852 - 1922)

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    Clement Lindley Wragge, courtesy of Bureau of Meteorology.

18 September 1852
Stourbridge, Worcestershire, England
10 December 1922
Birkenhead, New Zealand
Meteorologist and Surveyor


Clement Wragge worked for the Surveyor-General's Department, South Australia 1876-1878 when he returned to England. During the 1880s he came back to Australia and established a number of observatories. He was Queensland Government Meteorologist 1887-1902.


Wragge arrived in Australia from England as a seaman at a young age and, after some years in New South Wales and Queensland, left for the US, but returned to South Australia and came under the influence of Sir Charles Todd. He returned to England in 1878 and established the Ben Nevis Observatory in Scotland in 1881. Back in Australia, he established observatories on Mt Lofty (SA), Mt Wellington (Tasmania) and Mt Kosciusko (New South Wales) before being appointed Queensland Government Meteorologist in 1887. From there he began issuing weather maps and forecasts for the whole of Australia. When passed over for the post of Commonwealth Meteorologist in 1907 he moved to Auckland and established a private weather service. A Hundred Years of Science and Service, Bureau of Meteorology, 2001.

Archival resources

Royal Historical Society of Queensland

  • Clement Lindley Wragge - Records, 1887 - 1902; Royal Historical Society of Queensland. Details

State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection

  • Clement Lindley Wragge - Records, 1877, MS 11124; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details

Published resources


  • Gibbs, W. J., The Origins of Australian Meteorology, Metarch Papers No. 12 (Bureau of Meteorology, 1998). Details
  • Wragge, Clement Lindley, Experiences of a Meteorologist in South Australia [1883-1884] (Warradale: Pioneer Books, 1980). Details

Book Sections


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See also

Digital resources

Clement Lindley Wragge
Bureau of Meteorology


McCarthy, G.J.