Biographical entry Bernacchi, Louis Charles (1876 - 1942)
- 8 November 1876
- 24 April 1942
- Physicist and Antarctic explorer
Louis Charles Bernacchi joined the "Southern Cross" expedition 1898-1900 as a physicist and astronomer and was the first Australian to work and winter in Antarctica. He went on the British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-04 and was at the Melbourne Observatory 1895-97.
Born Belgium, 8 November 1876. Died London, 24 April 1942. OBE (mil.) 1919. Educated Hobart. Assistant, Melbourne Observatory 1895-97; physicist-astronomer, Borchgrevink's "Southern Cross" Antarctic expedition 1898-1900; physicist, British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-04; explorer, Africa and Peru 1905-06; rubber planter, Malaya 1907-14 and after World War I; lieutenant commander, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, anti-submarine division, Naval Staff, Admiralty and United States Navy 1914-19. Organised the British Polar Exhibition 1930; helped to organise the Second International Polar Year 1931-32; lieutenant-commander, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, working on the organisation of 'Q' ships 1939-42. Royal Geographical Society Medal 1906; King's Antarctic Medal 1906; French Cross of the Légion d'honneur 1906; United States Navy Cross 1919.
- Crawford, Janet, That First Antarctic Winter: the Story of the Southern Cross Expedition of 1898-1900 as Told in the Diaries of Louis Charles Bernacchi, Southern Latitude Research in association with Peter J. Skellerup, Christchurch, NZ, 1998, 270 pp. Details
- Swan, R. A., 'Bernacchi, Louis Charles (1876-1942), scientist and Antarctic explorer', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle (eds), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 7, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1979, pp. 275-276. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070278b.htm. Details
- Atkin, Andrew, 'Louis Bernacchi, a pioneer Antarctic scientist', Antarctic: Magazine of the New Zealand Antarctic Society, vol. 28, no. 3/4, 2010, pp. 64-8. Details
- Atkin, Andrew, 'Louis Charles Bernacchi, Pioneer Antarctic Scientist and Explorer', Records of the Canterbury Museum, vol. 25, 2011, pp. 1-11. Details
- Swan, R. A., 'The First Australian Scientist to Work and Winter on the Antarctic Continent', Victorian Historical Magazine, vol. 33, 1963, pp. 379-398. Details
- 'Bernacchi, Louis Charles', in Physics in Australia to 1945, R.W. Home, with the assistance of Paula J. Needham, Australian Science Archives Project, June 1995, http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/physics/P001408p.htm. Details
- 'Bernacchi, Louis Charles (1876-1942)', Trove, National Library of Australia, 2009, http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-792389. Details
- Federation and Meteorology, 2001, http://www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au/fam/index_b.html. Details
Created: 20 October 1993, Last modified: 15 September 2004
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