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Biographical entry Bernacchi, Louis Charles (1876 - 1942)

Born
8 November 1876
Belgium
Died
24 April 1942
London, England
Occupation
Physicist and Antarctic explorer

Summary

Louis Charles Bernacchi joined the "Southern Cross" expedition 1898-1900 as a physicist and astronomer and was the first Australian to work and winter in Antarctica. He went on the British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-04 and was at the Melbourne Observatory 1895-97.

Details

Born Belgium, 8 November 1876. Died London, 24 April 1942. OBE (mil.) 1919. Educated Hobart. Assistant, Melbourne Observatory 1895-97; physicist-astronomer, Borchgrevink's "Southern Cross" Antarctic expedition 1898-1900; physicist, British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-04; explorer, Africa and Peru 1905-06; rubber planter, Malaya 1907-14 and after World War I; lieutenant commander, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, anti-submarine division, Naval Staff, Admiralty and United States Navy 1914-19. Organised the British Polar Exhibition 1930; helped to organise the Second International Polar Year 1931-32; lieutenant-commander, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, working on the organisation of 'Q' ships 1939-42. Royal Geographical Society Medal 1906; King's Antarctic Medal 1906; French Cross of the L├ęgion d'honneur 1906; United States Navy Cross 1919.

Published resources

Books

  • Crawford, Janet, That First Antarctic Winter: the Story of the Southern Cross Expedition of 1898-1900 as Told in the Diaries of Louis Charles Bernacchi, Southern Latitude Research in association with Peter J. Skellerup, Christchurch, NZ, 1998, 270 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Swan, R. A., 'Bernacchi, Louis Charles (1876-1942), scientist and Antarctic explorer', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle (eds), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 7, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1979, pp. 275-276. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070278b.htm. Details

Journal Articles

  • Atkin, Andrew, 'Louis Bernacchi, a pioneer Antarctic scientist', Antarctic: Magazine of the New Zealand Antarctic Society, vol. 28, no. 3/4, 2010, pp. 64-8. Details
  • Atkin, Andrew, 'Louis Charles Bernacchi, Pioneer Antarctic Scientist and Explorer', Records of the Canterbury Museum, vol. 25, 2011, pp. 1-11. Details
  • Swan, R. A., 'The First Australian Scientist to Work and Winter on the Antarctic Continent', Victorian Historical Magazine, vol. 33, 1963, pp. 379-398. Details

Online Resources

See also

McCarthy, G.J.