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Biographical entry Baker, Richard Thomas (1854 - 1941)

Born
1 December 1854
Woolwich, Kent, England
Died
14 July 1941
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Occupation
Botanist and Museum curator

Summary

Richard Thomas Baker was Assistant Curator of the Technological Museum, Sydney from 1888 to 1898 and Curator from c. 1898 to 1921, successor of J.H. Maiden. His principal interest was with oil-bearing plants, particularly Eucalyptus.

Details

Born Woolwich, Kent, England, 1 December 1854. Died Sydney, 14 July 1941. Educated Peterborough Training Institution, and science and art certificates from South Kensington Museum. Senior assistant-master, School Board for London 1875-79; science and art master and senior house-master, Newington College, Sydney 1880-88; assistant curator to J.H. Maiden, Technological Museum, Sydney 1888-96; in charge of the museum from 1896; curator from 1898; economic botanist 1901-22; lectured in forestry, University of Sydney 1913-24. Mueller Medal, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science 1921, W.B. Clarke Medal, Royal Society of New South Wales 1922. Published several books, the major one being "Hardwoods of Australia and Their Economics" (1919).

Events

1888 - c. 1898
Career position - Assistant Curator to J.H. Maiden, Sydney Technological Museum
1898
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus oreades R.T.Baker
1898
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus bridgesiana R.T.Baker
c. 1898 - c. 1921
Career position - Curator and economic botanist, Sydney Technological Museum
1900
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus intermedia R.T.Baker
1900
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus angophoroides R.T.Baker
1913
Taxonomy event - Honoured with Eucalyptus bakeri Maiden
1913 - 1924
Career position - Lecturer in Forestry at the University of Sydney
1915
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus australiana R.T.Baker (= E. radiata Sieb. Var. australiana Blakely (1934))
1917
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus beyeri R.T.Baker
1921
Award - Mueller Medal, Australian Association for the Advancement of Science
1922
Award - Clarke Medal of the Royal Society of New South Wales

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Richard Thomas Baker - Records, 1890 - 1941; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

Powerhouse Museum

  • Richard Thomas Baker - Records, 1891 - 1940, MRS 4, 16, 202, 109, 225; Powerhouse Museum. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • List of Original Publications and Papers by R.T. Baker, W.A. Gullick, Government Printer, Sydney, 1911. Details
  • Baker, Richard T.; Smith, Henry G., A research on the eucalypts, especially in regard to their essential oils, 2nd edn, Government Printer, Sydney, 1920, 471 pp. Details
  • Baker, Richard T.; Smith, Henry G., A research on the eucalypts, especially in regard to their essential oils, 2nd edn, Government Printer, Sydney, 1920, 471 pp. Details
  • Baker, Richard T.; Smith, Henry T., A research on the eucalypts of Tasmania and their essential oils, Government Printer, Tasmania, 1912, 71 pp. Details
  • Wrigley, J. and Fagg, M., Eucalypts: A Celebration, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest Australia, 2010, 344 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • 'Baker, Richard Thomas (1854-1941)', in Chisholm, Alec H. (ed.), Australian Encyclopaedia, vol. 1, Grolier, Sydney, 1965, p. 393. Details
  • Bogle, Michael, 'R.T. Baker', in Design in Australia, 1880-1970, Craftsman House, North Ryde, New South Wales, c.1998, pp. 47-48, 52. Details
  • Watson, Anne, 'The legacy of a vision: from Lucien Henry to R.T. Baker', in Stephen, Ann (ed.), Visions of a republic: the work of Lucien Henry, Paris, Noumea, Sydney, Powerhouse Publishing, Sydney, 2001, pp. 108-125. Details
  • Willis, J. L., 'Baker, Richard Thomas (1854-1941), botanist and museum curator', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle (eds), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 7, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1979, pp. 154-155. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070154b.htm. Details

Journal Articles

  • 'Obituary: Mr. R. T. Baker', Australian Journal of Science, vol. 4, no. 1, 1941, pp. 17-18. Details
  • 'Obituary of R. T. Baker in presidential address by H. Priestley', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 76, Acting Government Printer, Sydney, 1943, p. 6. Details
  • Baker, R. T., 'Note on the Cinnamomum, &c., in the Proposed Addendum (to the British Pharmacopoeia)', The Chemist and Druggist of Australasia, vol. 14, 1899, pp. 67-68. Details
  • Baker, Richard T.; Smith, Henry G., 'On the Presence of a True Manna on a "Blue Grass", Andropogon annulatus , Forsk.', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 30, Acting Government Printer, Sydney, 1896, pp. 291-308. Details
  • Baker, Richard T.; Smith, Henry G., 'On the Essential Oil and the Presence of a Solid Camphor or Stearoptene in the "Sydney Peppermint" Eucalyptus piperita, Sm', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 31, Acting Government Printer, Sydney, 1897, pp. 195-200. Details
  • Baker, Richard T.; Smith, Henry G., 'On "Grey Gum", (Eucalyptus punctata, DC.,) particularly in Regard to its Essential Oil', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 31, Acting Government Printer, Sydney, 1897, pp. 259-280. Details
  • Baker, Richard T.; Smith, Henry G., 'On the "Stringybark" Trees of N.S.Wales, Especially in Regard to their Essential Olis', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 32, Acting Government Printer, Sydney, 1898, pp. 104-119. Details
  • Baker, Richard T.; Smith, Henry G., 'On the Darwinias of Port Jackson and their Essential Oils', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 33, Acting Government Printer, Sydney, 1899, pp. 163-176. Details
  • Bean, A. R., 'The Discovery and Documentation of the Eucalypts of Queensland and New South Wales, 1896-1961', Australian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter, vol. 142, March, 2010, pp. 2-5. Details
  • Mellor, D.P., 'Obituary: Richard Thomas Baker', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 76, 1942, p. 6. Details
  • Pearson, Michael, 'The good oil: eucalyptus oil distilleries in Australia.', Australasian Historical Archaeology, vol. 11, 1993, pp. 99-107. Details

Online Resources

See also

  • Hall, Norman, Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material, CSIRO, Melbourne, 1978, 101 pp. Details

McCarthy, G.J. & Walsh, N.