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Biographical entry Mitchell, Thomas Livingstone (1792 - 1855)

Born
15 May 1792
Grangemouth, Lanark, Scotland
Died
5 October 1855
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Occupation
Explorer

Summary

Sir Thomas Mitchell was Surveyor-General of New South Wales 1828-1855 and led various expeditions into eastern Australia 1831-1836, and tropical Australia 1845-1846 which greatly expanded the common knowledge of the regions' geographical characteristics. He collected many plant specimens on his expeditions.

Details

Events

1848
Taxonomy event - Collector of the type Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.
1919
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus mitchelliana Cambage was named in Mitchell's honour
1934
Taxonomy event - Collector of the type Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. var. acuminata (Hook.) Blakely

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Mitchell Family - Records, 1824 - 1855, ML MSS 731; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1808 - 1830, A7130; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1829 - 1855; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1822 - 1855, A7131; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1846 - 1938, ML MSS 1118; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1836 - 1853, ML MSS 1009; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1848 - 1854, ML MSS 823; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1830 - 1880, A5357; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1841, ML DOC 1156; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1811 - 1855; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1839 - 1840, NK 5974; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection

  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1837, 52/2; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1837 - 1840, 46/2; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell - Records, 1836, MS 5189; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Cumpston, J. H. L., Thomas Mitchell: Surveyor General and Explorer, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1954. Details
  • Eccleston, Gregory C., Major Mitchell's 1836 'Australia Felix' Expedition: a Re-evaluation, Department of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University, Clayton, 1992, 176 pp. Details
  • Eccleston, Gregory C., Granville Stapylton: Australia Felix 1836, second in command to Major Mitchell, Evandale Publishing, Malvern, Vic., 2018, 250 pp. Details
  • Philbey, Glennis, Unmarked Lands: the Exploration of Unmarked Lands of Australia, 1830-1850, by Henry Stuart Russell, Ludwig Leichhardt, Sir Thomas Mitchell, T. E. C. Print, [s. l.], 2006, 101 pp. Details
  • Willis, J. H., Botanical Pioneers in Victoria, Victorian Naturalist, vol. 66, [Brown Pier Anderson], [Melbourne], 1949, 19 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Andrews, Alan E.J., 'Sir Thomas Livingston Mitchell, 1792-1855', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004. Details
  • Baker, D. W. A., 'Mitchell, Sir Thomas Livingstone (1792-1855), surveyor-general', in Douglas Pike (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 2, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1967, pp. 238-242. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A020206b.htm. Details
  • Oldroyd, D., 'In the Footsteps of Thomas Livingstone Mitchell (1792-1855): Soldier, Surveyor, Explorer, Geologist, and Probably the First Person to Compile Geological Maps in Australia', in Wyse-Jackson, P. N. (ed.), Four Centuries of Geological Travel: the Search for Knowledge on Foot, Bicycle, Sledge and Camel, Geological Society, London, 2007, pp. 343-373. Details

Edited Books

  • Andrews, Alan E. J. (ed.), Stapylton with Major Mitchell's Australia Felix expedition, 1836, largely from the journal of Granville William Chetwynd Stapylton, Blubber Head Press, Hobart, 1986, 297 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • Archbold, Neil, 'Marjor T.L. Mitchell and Australian Vertebrate Palaeontology', Bulletin of the Fossil Collectors' Association of Australasia, vol. 30, 1990, pp. 33-37. Details
  • Baker, D. W. A., 'Thomas Mitchell as Explorer', Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, vol. 80, no. 1-2, 1994, pp. 24-45. Details
  • Daley, Charles, 'Major T.L. Mitchell. Explorer and Naturalist', Victorian Naturalist, vol. 53, October, 1936, pp. 113-119. Details
  • Dunkley, John, 'John Henderson, Thomas Mitchell and the First Publications on Cave Science in Australia ', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 142, 2009, pp. 5-15. Details
  • Heckenberg, Kerry, 'Thomas Mitchell and the Wellington Caves: the Relationship among Science, Religion and Aesthetics in Early-Nineteenth-Century Australia', Victorian Literature and Culture, vol. 33, 2005, pp. 203-218. Details
  • Holland, Julian, 'Thomas Mitchell and the Origins of Australian Vertebrate Palaeontology', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 125, 1992, pp. 103-106. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'Records of Australian Botanists - (a) General, (b) New South Wales', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. xlii, 1908, pp. 60-132. Details
  • O'Connor, Maura, 'Re-assembling Mitchell's terrestrial sextant', National Library of Australia Gateways, vol. 47, October 2000, 2000, p. 22. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'Thomas Livingstone Mitchell, 1792-1855', Geographers: Bibliographical Studies, vol. 5, 1981, pp. 83-87. Details

Resources

Theses

  • Couch, B. V., 'The Administration of Thomas Mitchell 1826-37', MA thesis, University of Sydney, 1963. Details

See also

  • Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Technology in Australia 1788-1988, Online edn, Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 3 May 2000, http://www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au/tia/index_m.html. Details
  • Donovan, Val, 'Exploration and settlement: conflict in Queensland - an overview', Queensland History Journal, vol. 23, no. 9, 2018, pp. 581-92. Details
  • Minard, Pete, 'Making the "marsupial lion": bunyips, networked colonial knowledge production between 1830-59 and the description of Thylacoleo carnifex', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 29, no. 2, 2018, pp. 91-102. https://doi.org/10.1071/HR18003. Details

McCarthy, G.J.