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Biographical entry Mawson, Douglas (1882 - 1958)

FAA, FRS

Born
5 May 1882
Shipley, Yorkshire, England
Died
14 October 1958
Brighton, South Australia, Australia
Occupation
Geologist and Explorer

Summary

Sir Douglas Mawson was leader of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914 and the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition 1929-1931. He was Lecturer in Geology, University of Adelaide 1905-1920 and Professor of Geology and Mineralogy 1921-1952.

Details

Events

1901
Education - Bachelor of Engineering (BE) completed at the University of Sydney
1903
Career position - Expedition to the New Hebrides
1904
Education - Bachelor of Science (BSc) completed at the University of Sydney
1905 - 1920
Career position - Lecturer in Mineralogy and Petrology at the University of Adelaide
1907 - 1909
Award - Polar Medal (Silver) Antarctic, England
1907 - 1909
Career position - Shackleton's expedition to Antarctica
1908
Award - Antarctic Medal, Royal Geographical Society, England
1909
Education - Doctor of Science (DSc) received from the University of Adelaide
1911 - 1914
Career position - Commander of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition
1912 - 1914
Award - Polar Medal (Silver) Antarctic, England
1914
Award - Knight Bachelor, Great Britain
1915
Award - Helen Culver Gold Medal, Chicago Geographical Society, The United States of America
1915
Award - Founder's Medal, Royal Geographical Society, England
1915
Award - Silver Wolf of Boy Scouts, The Scouts Association
1916
Award - David Livingston Centenary Medal, American Geographical Society, The United States of America
1916 - 1919
Career position - War service in Europe
1919
Award - Bigsby Medal, Geological Society of London, England
1920
Career position - President of the Geography Section, Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science (ANZAAS)
1920
Award - Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE), Great Britain
1920 - 1952
Career position - Professor of Geology at the University of Adelaide
1923
Award - Fellow, The Royal Society, England
1923 - 1924
Career position - President of the Royal Society of South Australia
1926
Career position - President of the Geology Section of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science (ANZAAS)
1927
Award - Gold Medal for Oceanographical Research, Paris Geographical Society, France
1928
Award - Nachtigal gold medal, Gessellschaft für Erdkunde, Germany
1929 - 1931
Career position - Commander of the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE)
1929 - 1931
Award - Polar Medal (Bronze) Antarctic, England
1929 - 1931
Award - Lewis Medal, Royal Geographical Society, Brisbane, Australia
1930
Award - Mueller Medal, Royal Society of Australian Association for Advancement of Science, Australia
1931
Award - Sir Joseph Verco Medal, Royal Society of South Australia, Australia
1931
Award - Founder's Medal, Royal Geographical Society of Australia Queensland, Australia
1932 - 1937
Career position - President of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science (ANZAAS)
1935
Award - Silver Jubilee Medal, England
1936
Award - Clarke Memorial Medal, Royal Society of New South Wales, Australia
1937
Award - Coronation Medal, England
1939
Award - Foreign Member, Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography
1950
Award - Gold Medal, Royal Society of South Australia, Australia
1952
Education - Doctor of Science (DSc) received from the University of Sydney, Australia
1953
Award - Coronation Medal, England
1954
Award - Foundation Fellow, Australian Academy of Science

Colleague

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Douglas Mawson - Records, 1937 - 1964, MS 030; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Barr Smith Library, Special Collections, The University of Adelaide

  • Douglas Mawson - Records, 1887 - 1956, MSS 0009; Barr Smith Library, Special Collections, The University of Adelaide. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Douglas Mawson - Records, 1931, MS 5970; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

South Australian Museum Archives

  • Douglas Mawson - Records, 1882 - 1958; South Australian Museum Archives. Details
  • Douglas Mawson - Records, 1903, NA 11; South Australian Museum Archives. Details

State Library of South Australia, Mortlock Library of South Australiana

  • Douglas Mawson - Records, 1904 - 1973, PRG 523; State Library of South Australia, Mortlock Library of South Australiana. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Ayres, Philip, Mawson: a Life, Melbourne University Press, Carlton South, 2003, 321 pp. Details
  • Ferguson, Richard, Antarctic Artefacts: a Selective Description and Annotated Catalogue of Artefacts in the Mawson Collection at the University of Adelaide, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 1995, 282 pp. Details
  • Fitzsimons, Peter, Mawson: and the Ice Men of the Heroic Age: Scott, Shackleton and Amundsen, William Heinemann, North Sydney, 2011, 737 pp. Details
  • Fletcher, Harold Oswald, Antarctic Days with Mawson: a Personal Account of the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929-31, Angus & Robertson, London, 1984, 313 pp. Details
  • Hains, Brigid, The Ice and the Inland: Mawson, Flynn and the Myth of the Frontier, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, 2002, 219 pp. Details
  • Hall, Lincoln, Douglas Mawson: the Life of an Explorer, New Holland Press, London, 2000, 224 pp. Details
  • Mawson, Douglas, The Home of the Blizzard: the Story of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914, Wakefield Press, Kent Town, SA, 1996, 534 pp. Details
  • McGregor, Alasdair, Mawson's Huts: an Antarctic Expedition Journal, Hale & Iremonger, Sydney, 1998, 200 pp. Details
  • Peter, David and Parer-Cook, Elizabeth, Douglas Mawson, the Survivor, Alella Books in association with the ABC, Morwell, 1983, 160 pp. Details
  • Price, A. Grenfell, The Winning of Australian Antarctica: Mawson's BANZARE voyages, 1929-31: based on the Mawson Papers, Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1962, 241 pp. Details
  • Riffenburgh, Beau, Racing with Death: Douglas Mawson - Antarctic Explorer, Bloomsbury, London, 2008, 296 pp. Details
  • Riffenburgh, Beau, Aurora: Douglas Mawson and the Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914, Erskine Press, Norwich, 2011, 525 pp. Details
  • Taylor, T. Griffith, Douglas Mawson, Great Australians, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1962. Details

Book Sections

  • Jacka, F. J., 'Mawson, Sir Douglas (1882-1958), Geologist and Explorer', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle (eds), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 10, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1986, pp. 454-457. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A100444b.htm. Details

Edited Books

  • Flannery, Nancy Robinson (ed.), This Everlasting Silence the Love Letters of Paquita Delprat and Douglas Mawson 1911-1914, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 2000, 192 pp. Details
  • Innes, Margaret and Duff, Heather (eds), Mawson's Papers: a Guide to the Scientific, Personal and Business Papers of Sir Douglas Mawson, OBE, BE, DSc, FRS, FAA, 1882-1958, Professor of Geology and Mineralogy, Antarctic Scientist and Explorer, Mawson Institute for Antarctic Research, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 1990, 318 pp. Details
  • Jacka, Fred and Jacka, Eleanor (eds), Mawson's Antarctic diaries, Allen & Unwin Australia, Sydney, 1988, 414 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • 'Professor Sir Douglas Mawson, Kt, OBE, BE, DSc FRS, 1882-1958', Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 82, 1959, pp. 1-6. Details
  • 'Douglas Mawson, 1882-1958', Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, vol. 84, 1959, pp. 410-414. Details
  • Carrington-Smith, Denise, 'Mawson and Mertz: a Re-evaluation of their Ill-fated Mapping Journey during the 1911-1914 Australasian Antarctic Expedition', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 183, no. 11/12, 2005, pp. 638-641. Details
  • Cooper, B. J., 'Bragg, Mawson and Brown, and the Early Uranium Discoveries in South Australia', Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia , vol. 133, 2009, pp. 199-218. Details
  • Cooper, Barry J. and Jago, James B., 'Mawson's Earliest (1906) Report on the Geology of the Flinders Ranges', Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 131, 2007, pp. 167-74. Details
  • Corbett, David W.P., 'Douglas Mawson: the Geologist as Explorer', Records of the South Australian Museum, vol. 30, no. 2, 1998, pp. 107-136. Details
  • Jago, James B. and Pharoah, Mark D., 'Pre-Antarctic Mawson in South Australia and western New South Wales', Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 140, no. 1, 2016, pp. 107-28. Details
  • Jago, James B., Pharoah, M. D. and Wilson-roberts, C. L., 'Douglas Mawson's First Major Geological Expedition: the New Hebrides, 1903', Earth Sciences History, vol. 24, no. 1, 2005, pp. 93-111. Details
  • Laseron, Charles F., 'Obituary: Sir Douglas Mawson', Australian Journal of Science, vol. 21, no. 5, 1958, pp. 134-135. Details
  • Law, Phillip, 'The Mawson story - no. 3: Antarctic triumphs to remember', Royal Historical Society of Victoria Journal, vol. 57, no. 3, 1986, pp. 14-24. Details
  • Law, Phillip, 'The Mawson Story - No 1: 'a Powerful, Stubborn and Gentle Man'', Royal Historical Society of Victoria Journal, vol. 57, no. 1, 1986, pp. 3-13. Details
  • Law, Phillip, 'The Mawson Story - Part 2: Hungry and Alone in the Antarctic', Royal Historical Society of Victoria Journal, vol. 57, no. 2, 1986, pp. 13-18. Details
  • MacLeod, Roy, ''Full of Honour and Gain to Science': Munitions Production, Technical Intelligence and the Wartime Career of Sir Douglas Mawson, FRS', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 7, no. 2, 1988, pp. 189-202. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9880720189.htm. Details
  • Mawson, D., 'The Role of Geology in the Activities of the Royal Society of South Australia.', Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. lxxvii, 1954, pp. xii-xiv. Details
  • Mawson, Douglas, 'A Current Geographical Outlook', Australasian Association for Advancement of Science, vol. xv, 1921, pp. 145-160. Details
  • Mawson, Douglas, 'Progress in Knowledge of the Geology of South Australia', Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 60, 1936, pp. lvi-lxv. Details
  • Peake-Jones, Ken, 'The Other Mawson: a Centennial Tribute to Sir Douglas Mawson', Royal Geographical Society of Australia (SA Branch), Proceedings, vol. 82, 1984, pp. 64-70. Details
  • Pring, Allan, and Brugger, Joël, 'Mawson and the Radium and Uranium Mineralisation at Mount Painter, Northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia', Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Bulletin, vol. 6, 2013, pp. 86-9. Details
  • Quilty, Patrick G., 'Laying the foundation: Early Australian Earth Scientists in the Antarctic, Part 1', TAG: Geological Society of Australia Newsletter, vol. 160, 2011, pp. 24-6. Details
  • Quilty, Patrick G., 'Early Australian Earth Scientists in the Antarctic, Part 3: The Foundation Laid - Mawson's Men', TAG: Geological Society of Australia Newsletter, vol. 163, 2012, pp. 19-24. Details

Newspaper Articles

Reviews

  • Hince, Bernadette, review of Hains, Brigid, The Ice and the Inland: Mawson, Flynn and the Myth of the Frontier (2002), Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 14, no. 4, 2003, pp. 547-548. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/?act=view_file&file_id=HR03010.pdf. Details
  • Lucas, Anna, review of Riffenburgh, Beau, Aurora: Douglas Mawson and the Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914 (2011), Polar Journal, vol. 2, 2012, pp. 174-5. Details

Online Resources

See also

McCarthy, G.J.