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Biographical entry Leichhardt, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig (1813 - 1848?)

Born
23 October 1813
Trebatsch, Prussia
Died
1848?
Australia
Occupation
Naturalist and Explorer

Summary

Friedrich Wilhelm L. Leichhardt was a German naturalist who arrived in New South Wales in 1842 to carry out inland explorations of Australia. He was the first European to lead a successful overland expedition from Derby, Queensland to Darwin, Northern Territory, beginning in October 1844 and arriving in December 1845. Leichhardt died on his third expedition attempting to cross the continent from Moreton Bay to Swan River.

Details

Events

October 1844 - December 1845
Career event - Led expedition overland from Derby, QLD to Darwin, NT
1906
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus leichhardtii F.M.Bailey was named in his honour

Related People

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1847 - 1848, OM66-28; John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1834 - 1841, A3032; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, Uncatalogued MSS SET 381; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1842 - 1847, MS 30, 231, Q591; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, April 1842 - December 1842, C145; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1842 - 1847, C154 and C160; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1844 - 1950, A2992; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1846 - 1902, A3938; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1963, ML MSS 816; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1844 - 1848, ML MSS 1087; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, c. 1957 - c. 1961, A4480 and B1659; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1841 - 1847, ML MSS 683; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Ludwig Louis Politzer - Records, 1842 - 1953, B1359-61; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1840 - 1953, MS 334; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1834 - 1864, MS 1580 and others; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Dr Ludwig Leichhardt's Briefe an Seine Angehörigen, Hamburg, 1879. Details
  • Bailey, John, Into the Unknown: the Tormented Life and Expeditions of Ludwig Leichhardt, Pan Macmillan, Sydney, 2011, 396 pp. Details
  • Bruce, Daniel, Travels with Leichardt, Fairfax, Melbourne, 1859. Details
  • Bunce, Daniel, Travels with Doctor Leichhardt in Australia. Australasiatic reminiscences of twenty-three years' wanderings in Tasmania and the Australias, Steam Press of W. Fairfax & Co., Melbourne, 1859, 216 pp. Details
  • Chisholm, A. H., Strange New World: the Adventures of John Gilbert and Ludwig Leichardt, Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1955. Details
  • Cotton, Catherine, Ludwig Leichardt and the Great South Land, Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1938. Details
  • Erdos, Rene, Ludwig Leichardt, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1962. Details
  • Lewis, Darrell, Where is Dr Leichhardt? The Greatest Mystery in Australian History, Monash University Publishing, Clayton (Vic.), 2013, 416 pp. Details
  • Mann, John F., Eight Months with Dr. Leichardt in the Years 1846-47, Turner & Henderson, Sydney, 1888. Details
  • McLaren, Glen, Beyond Leichhardt: Bushcraft and the Exploration of Australia, Fremantle Arts Centre Press, Fremantle, W.A, 1996, 316 pp. Details
  • Philbey, Glennis, Unmarked Lands: the Exploration of Unmarked Lands of Australia, 1830-1850, by Henry Stuart Russell, Ludwig Leichhardt, Sir Thomas Mitchell, T. E. C. Print, [s. l.], 2006, 101 pp. Details
  • Politzer, L. L., Dr Ludgwig Leichhardt's Letters From Australia...March 23, 1842 to April 3, 1848, Melbourne, 1945. Details
  • Roderick, Colin, Leichhardt the Dauntless Explorer, Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1988, 536 pp. Details
  • Sprod, Dan, Leichhardt's Expeditioners: in the Australian Wilderness, 1844-1845, Blubber Head Press, Hobart, 2006, 138 pp. Details
  • Webster, E. M, Whirlwinds in the plain: Ludwig Leichhardt - friends, foes and history, Melbourne University Press, Carlton (Vic.), 1980, 462 pp. Details
  • Zuchold, Ernst Amandus, Dr Ludwig Leichhardt: eine biographische Skizze. Nebst einem Berichte über dessen zweite Reise im Innern des Austral-Continents nach dem Tagebuche seines Begleiters, des Botanikers Daniel Bunce, Zuchold, Leipzig, 1856, 118 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Baigent, Elizabeth, 'Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt, 1813-1848?', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004. Details
  • Erdos, Renee, 'Leichhardt, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig (1813-1848?), naturalist and explorer', in Douglas Pike (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 2, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1967, pp. 102-104. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A020090b.htm. Details
  • O'Donnell, Dan, 'Ludwig Leichhardt - The Doctor', in John Pearn (ed.), Health, History and Horizons, Amphion Press, Brisbane, 1992, pp. 215-238. Details
  • Roderick, Colin, 'The Education of an Explorer: Ludwig Leichhardt', in David Walker and Jurgen Tampke (eds), From Berlin to the Burdekin: The German Contribution to the Development of Australian Science, Exploration and the Arts, New South Wales University Press, Sydney, 1991, pp. 22-39. Details
  • Thomas, Martin, 'The expedition as a cultural form: on the structure of exploratory journeys as revealed by the Australian explorations of Ludwig Leichhardt', in Thomas, Martin (ed.), Expedition into empire: exploratory journeys and the making of the modern world, Routledge, New York: London, 2015, pp. 65-88. Details

Conference Papers

  • Jackes, Betsy R., 'Retracing the Botanical Steps of Leichhardt and Gilbert in June 1845', in Short, P.S. (ed.), History of Systematic Botany in Australasia: Proceedings of a Symposium Held at the University of Melbourne, 25-27 May 1988, Australian Systematic Botany Society, Melbourne, 1990, pp. 165-170. Details

Edited Books

  • Aurosseau, M. (ed.), The letters of F. W. Ludwig Leichhardt, 3 vols, Cambridge University Press for the Haklyut Society, Cambridge, 1968. Details
  • Finger, Hans Wilhelm: Simson, Judith ed.; Crane, Kylie translator (ed.), Ludwig Leichhardt, Lost in the Outback, Rosenberg Publications, Dural (N.S.W.), 2013, 272 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • Bailey, F.M., 'Eucalyptus leichhardtii', Queensland Agricultural Journal, vol. 16, no. 8, 1906, p. 493. Details
  • Blake, S. T., 'Some Pioneers in Plant Exploration Classification', Proceedings of the Linnean Society of Queensland, vol. lxvi, no. 1, 1954, pp. 1-19. Details
  • Darragh, Thomas A., 'Leichhardt as a Geologist', Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Culture, vol. 7, no. 2, 2013, pp. 575-97. Details
  • Darragh, Thomas A. and Fensham, R. J., 'The Leichhardt Diaries: Early Travels in Australia During 1842-1844', Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Culture, vol. 7, no. 1, 2013, pp. 1-540. Details
  • Dewar, Mickey, 'The Leichardt Enigma', Journal of Northern Territory History, vol. 5, 1994, pp. 47-60. Details
  • Dowe, J. L., 'Ludwig Leichhardt's Australian Plant Collections, 1842-1847', Austrobaileya, vol. 7, no. 1, 2005, pp. 151-163. Details
  • Dowe, J. L., 'Observations of Palms Made by the Botanist and Explorer Ludwig Leichhardt during the Australian Overland Expedition of 1844-1845', Palms, vol. 49, no. 4, 2005, pp. 167-182. Details
  • Falding, M. and Benson, D., 'Adventures, Hardship and a Scientific legacy: Ludwig Leichhardt's 1843 Journey to Mt Royal in the Hunter Valley, New South Wales', Cunninghamia, vol. 13, 2013, pp. 305-30. Details
  • Fensham, R. J. ed., 'The Leichhardt Papers: Reflections on his Life and Legacy', Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Culture, vol. 7, no. 2, 2013, pp. 542-652. Details
  • Fensham, R. J., Bean, A. R., Dowe, J. L. and Dunlop, C. R., '"This Disastrous Event Staggered Me"; Reconstructing the Botany of Ludwig Leichhardt on the Overland Expedition from Moreton Bay to Port Essington, 1844-5', Cunninghamia, vol. 9, 2006, pp. 451-506. Details
  • Hely, H., 'Expedition in Search of Dr Leichhardt', Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, South Australia Branch, vol. 16, 1914. Details
  • Hurley, Andrew and Schlunke, Katrina, 'Leichhardt after Leichhardt', Journal of Australian Studies, vol. 37, 2013, pp. 537-43. Details
  • Jeffries, A., 'Leichhardt: His Contribution to Australian Aboriginal linguistics and ethnography 1843- 44', Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Culture, vol. 7, no. 2, 2013, pp. 633-52. Details
  • Larcombe, E. E., 'The Search for Dr Leichhardt', Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, vol. 12, 1926. Details
  • Lewis, Darrell, 'The Fate of Leichhardt', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 17, no. 1, 2006, pp. 1-30. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'Records of Australian Botanists - (a) General, (b) New South Wales', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. xlii, 1908, pp. 60-132. Details
  • Rod, Julian, 'Leichhardt's Telescopes and Clock Investigated', Queensland History Journal, vol. 22, 2013, pp. 40-53. Details
  • Stephens, Matthew, 'From Lost Property to Explorer's Relics: the Rediscovery of the Personal Library of Ludwig Leichhardt', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 18, no. 2, 2007, pp. 191-227. Details

Newspaper Articles

  • Krefft, G., 'Biographical Sketch of Youth and Early Manhood of Dr. Ludwig Leichhardt', Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney), 29 June 1866. Details
  • Nicholson, J. H., 'Leichhardt and His Friends', Queensland Daily Guardian (Brisbane), 29 June 1866. Details

Reviews

  • Althofer, Jayson, review of Bailey, John, Into the Unknown: the Tormented Life and Expeditions of Ludwig Leichhardt (2011), Journal of Australian Studies, vol. 36, pp. 515-6. Details
  • Branagan, David, review of Darragh, Thomas A. and Fensham, R. J., eds., The Leichhardt diaries: early travels in Australia during 1842-1844 (2013), INHIGEO Annual Record, vol. 46, 2014, pp. 88-90. Details
  • Howes, Hilary, review of Lewis, Darrell, Where is Dr Leichhardt? The Greatest Mystery in Australian History (2013), Historical records of Australian science, vol. 24, 2013, pp. 339-40. Details

Online Resources

See also

  • Science and the making of Victoria, with Royal Society of Victoria, 2001, http://www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au/smv/index_l.html. Details
  • Blyton, G., 'Harry Brown (c. 1819-1854): contribution of an Aboriginal guide in Australian Exploration', Aboriginal History, vol. 39, 2015, pp. 63-82. Details
  • Hall, Norman, Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material, CSIRO, Melbourne, 1978, 101 pp. Details
  • MacInnis, Peter, Curious Minds: the Discoveries of Australian Naturalists, National Library of Australia, Canberra, 2012, 213 pp. Details

McCarthy, G.J.