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  • The Study of Australian Eucalypts

Biographical entry Darwin, Charles Robert (1809 - 1882)

FRS

Born
12 February 1809
Died
19 April 1882
Occupation
Naturalist

Summary

Charles Robert Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection ("Origin of Species" 1859) convinced biologists that evolution had occurred. He visited Australia in 1836 as naturalist on the "Beagle", and subsequently used Australian material in developing his ideas.

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Adolph Basser Library Pictorial Collection, MS 056; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details
  • Charles Robert Darwin - Records, 1860 - 1881, MS 029; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

JS Battye Library of West Australian History, State Library of Western Australia

  • Charles Robert Darwin - Records, 1860, LBWA/187A; JS Battye Library of West Australian History, State Library of Western Australia. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Charles Robert Darwin - Records, 1862 - 1878, ML DOC 1123; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Clarke Family Papers - Records, 1789 - 1879, ML MSS 139; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Linnean Society of London - Records, 1792 - 1870, FM 4/2699; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Charles Robert Darwin - Records, 1874, MS 73; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details
  • Charles Robert Darwin - Records, 1834, MS 4260; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection

  • Charles Robert Darwin - Records, 1873 - 1881; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Armstrong, Patrick, Charles Darwin in Western Australia: a Young Scientist's Perception of an Environment, University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands, 1985, 80 pp. Details
  • Beer, Gavin De, Darwin and Australia. in The Evolution of Living Organisms. A Symposium to Mark the Centenary of Darwin's 'Origin of Species' and of the Royal Society of Victoria, Melbourne, December 1959., Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1962. Details
  • Browne, Janet, Charles Darwin Voyaging: Volume 1 of a Biography, Paperback edn, Jonathan Cape, London, 1995, 640 pp. Details
  • Frame, Tom, Evolution in the Antipodes: Charles Darwin and Australia , University of New South Wales Press, Sydney , 2009, 307 pp. Details
  • Frame, Tom, Evolution in the Antipodes: Australia and the Year of Darwin, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney , 2009, 307 pp. Details
  • Laurent, John and Campbell, Margaret, The Eye of Resaon: Charles Darwin in Australasia, University of Wollongong Press, Wollongong, 1987, 88 pp. Details
  • McCalman, Iain,, Darwin's Armada , Viking, Camberwell (Vic.) , 2009, 422 pp. Details
  • Nicholas, John and Nicholas, Jan, Charles Darwin in Australia, Anniversary edn, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008, 260 pp. Details
  • Wheeler, Alwyne and Price, James H., From Linnaeus to Darwin: Commentaries on the History of Biology and Geology. Papers from the Fifth Easter Meeting of the Society for the History of Natural History 28-31 March, 1983, 'Natural History in the Early Nineteenth Century', Society for the History of Natural History, London, 1985. Details
  • Wrigley, J. and Fagg, M., Eucalypts: A Celebration, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest Australia, 2010, 344 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Butcher, Barry, 'Darwin Down Under: Science, Religion and Evolution in Australia', in Ronald Numbers and John Stenhouse (eds), Disseminating Darwinism: The Role of Place, Race, Religion and Gender, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999. Details
  • Butcher, Barry W., 'Darwin's Australian Correspondents: Defence and Collaboration in Colonial Science', in Roy MacLeod and Philip F. Rehbock (eds), Nature in its Greatest Extent: Western Science in the Pacific, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1988, pp. 139-158. Details
  • Butcher, Barry W., 'Darwinism, Social Darwinism and the Australian Aborigines: a Revaluation', in Roy MacLeod and Philip F. Rehbock (eds), Darwin's Laboratory: Evolutionary Theory and Natural History in the Pacific, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1994, pp. 371-394. Details
  • Garber, Janet, 'Darwin's Correspondents in the Pacific: Through the Looking Glass to the Antipodes', in Roy MacLeod and Philip F. Rehbock (eds), Darwin's Laboratory: Evolutionary Theory and Natural History in the Pacific, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1994, pp. 169-211. Details
  • Newman, William A., 'Darwin and Cirripedology', in Frank Truesdale (ed.), History of Carcinology, A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, 1993, pp. 349-434. Details
  • Nichols, Frank W., 'What Darwin Actually Saw in Sydney in 1836', in Lunney, Daniel, Hutchings, Pat A and Hochuli, Dieter (eds), The Natural History of Sydney, Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman, N.S.W., 2010, pp. 44-55. Details
  • Stoddart, David R., 'This Coral Episode: Darwin, Dana and the Coral Reefs in the Pacific', in Roy MacLeod and Philip F. Rehbock (eds), Darwin's Laboratory: Evolutionary Theory and Natural History in the Pacific, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1994, pp. 21-48. Details
  • Townley, K. A., 'Darwin, Charles Robert (1809-1882), naturalist', in Douglas Pike (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 1, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1966, pp. 286-287. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A010271b.htm. Details

Edited Books

  • Burkhardt, Frederick (ed.), Charles Darwin's Letters: a Selection 1825-1859, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996, 275 pp. Details
  • Keynes, Richard Darwin (ed.), Charles Darwin's Beagle Diary, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge & New York, 2001, 493 pp. Details
  • MacLeod, Roy and Rehbock, Philip (eds), Darwin's Laboratory: Evolutionary Theory and Natural History in the Pacific, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1994, 540 pp. Details
  • McCalman, Iain and Erskine, Nigel (eds), In the Wake of the "Beagle": Science in the Southern Oceans from the Age of Darwin , University of New South Wales Press, Sydney , 2009, 192 pp. Details
  • Nicholas, F. W. and Nicholas, J. W. (eds), Charles Darwin in Australia, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/Melbourne, 1989, 189 pp. Details
  • Pickering, Michael (curator) (ed.), Charles Darwin: an Australian selection, National Museum of Australia Press, Canberra , 2008, 144 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • Armstrong, Patrick, 'Charles Darwin in Australia', Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, vol. 92, no. 4, 2009, pp. 385-8. Details
  • Banks, Max, 'Charles Darwin's Visit to Hobart Town', Tasmanian Tramp, vol. 24, 1982, pp. 180-186. Details
  • Bell, Leonard, 'Not Quite Darwin's Artist: the Travel Art of Augustus Earle', Journal of Historical Geography, vol. 43, 2014, pp. 60-70. Details
  • Birch, L. C., 'In the Footsteps of Charles Darwin', Australian Journal of Science, vol. 21, 1958, pp. 33-39. Details
  • Butcher, Barry W., 'Adding Stones to the Great Pile? Charles Darwin's Use of Australian Resources, 1837-1882', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 8, no. 1, 1989, pp. 1-14. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9890810001.htm. Details
  • Daley, Chas, 'Charles Darwin in Australia', Victorian Historical Magazine, vol. 17, 1938, pp. 64-70. Details
  • Di Gregorio, Mario A., 'The Uniqueness of Charles Darwin: His Reading of W.S.Macleay's Horae Entomologicae', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 11, no. 2, 1996, pp. 103-117. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9961120103.htm. Details
  • Dugan, D. G., 'Darwin and Diprotodon: the Wellington Caves fossils and the law of succession', Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, vol. 104, no. 4, 1980, pp. 265-272. Details
  • Hayman, John A., 'Charles Darwin's Impressions of New Zealand and Australia, and Insights into his Illness and his Developing Ideas on Evolution ', Medical Journal of Australia , vol. 191, 2009, pp. 660-663. Details
  • Laurent, John and Campbell, Margaret, 'Charles Darwin in Australia', This Australia, vol. 5, no. 3, 1986, pp. 44-46. Details
  • Lucas, A. H. S., 'Charles Darwin on Australia', Victorian Naturalist, vol. 2, 1885, pp. 20-24. Details
  • Lucas, A. M., 'Ferdinand von Mueller's interactions with Charles Darwin and His Response to Darwinism', Archives of Natural History, vol. 37, 2010, pp. 102-30. Details
  • Lucas, A. M., 'Early Copies of the First Edition of Origin of Species in Australia', Archives of Natural History, vol. 37, no. 346-8, 2010. Details
  • Shine, Rick and Hutchinson, Mark, 'Charles Darwin in Tasmania', Australian Natural History, vol. 23, no. 10, 1991, pp. 794-801. Details
  • Stanbury, P. J., 'Darwin's Journey in New South Wales', Australian Natural History, vol. 16, no. 11, 1970, pp. 371-374. Details
  • Stoddard, D. R., 'Darwin, Jukes and Theory of Reef Development in Australia in the Nineteenth Century', Abstracts of the Geological Society of America, vol. 17, 1985, p. No 73343. Details
  • Whitley, G. P., 'Charles Darwin in Australia', The Australian Museum Magazine, vol. 13, 1959, pp. 120-121. Details
  • Wiebkin, Ole W., 'A Preamble to Charles Robert Darwin: His Connection With South Australia', Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 137, 2013, pp. 1-27. Details

Reviews

  • Butcher, Barry W., review of Pickering, Michael (curator), Charles Darwin: an Australian Collection (2008), Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 20, no. 1, 2009, pp. 144-145. Details
  • Butcher, Barry W., review of McCalman, Iain, Darwin's Armada (2009), Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 20, no. 2, 2009, pp. 273-276. Details
  • Butcher, Barry W., review of Frame, Tom, Evolution in the Antipodes: Charles Darwin and Australia (2009), Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 20, no. 2, 2009, pp. 273-276. Details
  • Fichman, Martin, review of Darwin's armada, Isis, vol. 101, 2010, pp. 444-5. Details
  • Hince, Bernadette, review of Nicholas, John and Nicholas, Jan, Charles Darwin in Australia (2008), Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 20, no. 2, 2009, pp. 276-278. Details
  • Love, Rosaleen, review of Oldroyd, D. R., Darwinian Impacts: an introduction to the Darwinian Revolution, Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 5, no. 2, 1981, pp. 124-126. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/?act=view_file&file_id=HR9810520123.pdf. Details

Online Resources

See also

McCarthy, G.J.