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Biographical entry Clarke, William Branwhite (1798 - 1878)

Born
2 June 1798
East Bergholt, Suffolk, England
Died
16 June 1878
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Occupation
Geologist

Summary

William Branwhite Clarke, a member of the Anglican Clergy, was an active geologist and a leading scientific figure in colonial New South Wales. In 1851-1853 he was Geological Surveyor of New South Wales and reported on the southern and northern goldfields of the colony.

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details
  • William Branwhite Clarke - Records, 1842 - 1876, MS 028; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Australian Museum

  • William Branwhite Clarke - Records, 1841 - 1871, Series 1 and 6; Australian Museum. Details

Fisher Library, Rare Books and Special Collections, University of Sydney

  • William Branwhite Clarke - Records, 1852 - 1874; Fisher Library, Rare Books and Special Collections, University of Sydney. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Caroline Louisa Waring Atkinson - Records, 1859 - 1908, A4496-501; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Clarke Family - Records, 1797 - 1954, ML MSS 368; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Clarke Family Papers - Records, 1789 - 1879, ML MSS 139; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt - Records, 1842 - 1847, C154 and C160; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Linnean Society of London - Records, 1792 - 1870, FM 4/2699; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Phillip Parker King - Records, 1824 - 1855, A3599 and on microfilm FM 4/66; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • William Branwhite Clarke - Records, 1827 - 1951, ML MSS 490; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • William Branwhite Clarke - Records, 1858 - 1878, ML MSS 3608; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • William Branwhite Clarke - Records, 1839 - 1903, MS Q371; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • William Branwhite Clarke - Records, 1846 - 1877, ML MSS 141; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • William Branwhite Clarke - Records, 1827 - 1951, ML MSS 454; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

University of Wollongong Archives

  • Reverend W.B. Clarke Research Collection, 1970 - 1980s, D212; University of Wollongong Archives. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Clarke, W. B. (edited by Ann Moyal), The Web of Science: the Scientific Correspondence of the Rev. W. B. Clarke, Australia's Pioneer Geologist, Australian Scholarly Publishing, Kew, 2003, 1340 (in 2 vols) pp. Details
  • Wrigley, J. and Fagg, M., Eucalypts: A Celebration, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest Australia, 2010, 344 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Branagan, David F., 'Some Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Australian Geological Clerics', in Geology and Religion: a History of Harmony and Hostility, Geological Society of London, London, 2009, pp. 171-96. Details
  • Moyal, Ann, 'William Branwhite Clarke, 1798-1878', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004. Details
  • Mozley, Ann, 'Clarke, William Branwhite (1798-1878), geologist and Anglican clergyman', in Douglas Pike (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 3, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1969, pp. 420-422. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A030395b.htm. Details
  • Vallance, T. G., 'The Fuss About Coal: Troubled Relations between Palaeonbotany an Geology', in D. J. Carr and S. G. M. Carr (eds), Plants and Man in Australia, Academic Press, Sydney, 1981, pp. 136-76. Details

Conference Papers

  • Moyal, A., 'With Pen and Hammer: the Correspondence of Rev. W. B. Clarke', in D. F. Branagan and G. H. McNally (eds), Useful and Curious Geological Enquiries Beyond the World: Pacific-Asia Historical Themes: The 19th International INHIGEO Symposium, Sydney, Australia, 4-8 July, 1994, International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences, Sydney, 1994, pp. 172-180. Details
  • Wright, A. J., 'Notes on the 1849 and 1855 W. B. Clarke Collections in the Sedgewick Museum Cambridge', in D. F. Branagan and G. H. McNally (eds), Useful and Curious Geological Enquiries Beyond the World: Pacific-Asia Historical Themes: The 19th International INHIGEO Symposium, Sydney, Australia, 4-8 July, 1994, International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences, Sydney, 1994, pp. 181-191. Details

Journal Articles

  • Clarke, W. B., 'Inaugural Address to the Royal Society of New South Wales', Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 1, 1867, pp. 11-18. Details
  • Clarke, W.B., 'On the Ores of Mercury', The Sydney Magazine of Science and Art, contg. the proceedings of Aust. Hort.& Agric.Soc., and The Phil Soc. NSW, vol. 2, Waugh, Sydney, 1859, pp. 170-173. Details
  • Jervis, James, 'Rev. W.B. Clarke, MA, FRS, FGS, FRGS, The Father of Australian Geology', Royal Australian Historical Society, vol. xxx, vi, 1944, pp. 345-457. Details
  • McQueen, Ken, 'Quidron Mineral Field, NSW: an Intriguing Discovery of W. B. Clarke', Journal of Australasian Mining History, vol. 7, 2009, pp. 74-99. Details
  • Moyal, Ann, 'Friends, Savants and Founders: W.B. Clarke and J.D. Dana', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 145, 2012, pp. 54-8. Details
  • Mozley, A., 'The Foundations of the Geological Survey of New South Wales', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 98, pt 2, 1965, pp. 91-100. Details
  • Organ, Michael, 'W. B. Clarke as Scientific Journalist', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 9, no. 1, 1992, pp. 1-16. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9920910001.htm. Details
  • Organ, Michael, '". . . A Small Fish in a Small Pond . . . ": the Reverend W.B. Clarke (1798-1878): 200 Years on [Series of Parts] Part 1', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 131, no. 3-4, 1998, pp. 101-112. Details
  • Pierson, Roger, 'McCoy and Clarke: their dispute over the age of Australia's black coal', Victorian Naturalist, vol. 118, 2001, pp. 219-25. Details
  • Russell, H.C., 'Astronomical and Meteorological Workers in New South Wales, 1778-1860', Australasian Association for Advancement of Science, vol. 1, 1888, pp. 45-94. Details
  • Young, R. W., 'Reverend W. B. Clarke, "the Father of Australian Geology", on the Origin of Valleys', Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 54, 2007, pp. 127-134. Details

Reviews

  • Darragh, Thomas A., review of The web of science: the scientific correspondence the the Rev. W. B. Clarke, Archives of Natural History, vol. 32, 2005, pp. 124-5. Details
  • Home, R. W., review of Clarke, W. B., (edited by Ann Moyal), The Web of Science: the Scientific Correspondence of the Rev. W. B. Clarke, Australia's Pioneer Geologist (2003), Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 16, no. 1, 2005, pp. 107-111. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/?act=view_file&file_id=HR05006.pdf. Details
  • Oldroyd, David, review of Clarke, W. B. (edited by Ann Moyal), The Web of Science: the Scientific Correspondence of the Rev. W. B. Clarke, Australia's Pioneer Geologist (2003), Australian Book Review, vol. 263, Aug, 2004, pp. 47-48. Details

Online Resources

See also

McCarthy, G.J.