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Biographical entry MacDougall, James (1858 - 1942)

9 July 1858
Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland
8 April 1942
East Malvern, Victoria, Australia


James MacDougall established the Austral Nail Company in South Melbourne in 1889, expanding into barbed wire in 1905 and wiredrawing in 1911. He opened a second plant at Newcastle, New South Wales in 1919. In 1921 Austral amalgamated with Rylands Bros Ltd to become Rylands Bros (Australia) Ltd. This merged with B.H.P. in 1925, at which stage MacDougall retired.

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See also

  • Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Technology in Australia 1788-1988, Online edn, Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 3 May 2000, Details
  • Robin, Libby, The Flight of the Emu: a Hundred Years of Australian Ornithology 1901-2001 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2001), 492 pp. Details

Rosanne Walker