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Biographical entry Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhailovich (1916 - 2002)

Born
11 July 1916
Atherton, Queensland, Australia
Died
8 January 2002
Russia
Occupation
Physicist

Summary

Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov shared the Nobel Prize for physics in 1964 for his work on quantum electronics which led to the construction of masers and lasers. He was winner of many other awards including the Lomonosov Gold Medal, Five Orders of Lenin, Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class, Medal for Valor. A memorial plaque was unveiled in 1987 at his birthplace, Atherton, Queensland.

Details

Events

1939
Education - Graduated with honours in physics from the Leningrad University, UUSR
1941 - 1944
Career position - Military service
1944 - 1946
Career position - Scientist at the Laboratory of Oscillations, USSR Academy of Sciences
1946
Education - Science degree completed at the Lebedev Institute of Physics, USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow
1946 - 1954
Career position - Senior Research Associate at the Laboratory of Oscillations
1948
Award - Mandelstam Prize received
1950s
Education - Doctorate completed at the Lebedev Institute of Physics, USSR Academy of Sciences
1954 - 1973
Career position - Head of the Laboratory of Oscillations
1959
Award - Lenin Prize received
1964
Award - Nobel Prize for Physics received
1966 -
Award - Full Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences
1969 -
Career position - Editor-in-chief of the Great Soviet Encyclopaedia
1969
Award - Gold Star of Hero of Socialist Labor received
1973 - 1981
Career position - Chief of the Department of General Physics and Astronomy
1981 -
Career position - Director of the Institute of General Physics
1986
Award - Gold Star of Hero of Socialist Labor received

Published resources

Book Sections

  • Beale, R, 'Aleksander Mikhailovich Prokhorov', in Australia's Nobel Laureates - Adventures in Innovation, ABIE Australian Business and Investment Explorer, Sydney, 2004, pp. 64-73. Details

Online Resources

Rosanne Walker