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Biographical entry Goyder, George Woodroffe (1826 - 1898)

Born
24 June 1826
London, England
Died
2 November 1898
Aldgate, South Australia, Australia
Occupation
Surveyor

Summary

George Woodroffe Goyder was Surveyor-General of South Australia from 1861-94.

Details

Born London, 24 June 1826. Died Aldgate, 2 November 1898. CMG 1889. Migrated to Sydney 1848, worked in an auctioneering firm 1848-51, draftsman, South Australian civil service 1851-52, Department of Lands 1853-94, as chief clerk, second assistant surveyor-general, assistant surveyor-general (1857-61) and surveyor-general (1861-94). Surveyed in the Northern Territory 1869, recommending Palmerston (Darwin) as the capital site. Chairman of the railways commission 1874-75, and of the Forest Board 1875-83. In 1865 he mapped 'the line of demarcation between that portion of the country where the rainfall has extended, and that where the drought prevailed'. In 1867 he admitted that this line, known as Goyder's Line, separated, to a certain extent, lands suitable for agriculture and those fit only for grazing.

Children

Published resources

Books

  • McArthur, Anne, Through the eyes of Goyder, Master Planner: Transcripts of the Surveyor-General's 1864-5 Detailed Valuations of 79 Pastoral Runs in the South East of South Australia, Kanawinka Writers and Historians, s.l., 2007, 312 pp. Details
  • Sheldrick, Janis, Nature's line: George Goyder, surveyor, environmentalist, visionary, Wakefield Press, Kent Town (S.A.), 2013, 488 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • 'Goyder, George Woodroofe (1826-1898), surveyor-general', in Douglas Pike (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 4, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1972, pp. 278-280. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A040316b.htm. Details
  • Gammage, Bill, 'George Woodroffe Goyder, 1826-1898', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004. Details
  • Heathcote, R. A., 'Goyder's Line: a line for all seasons?', in Carr, D. J. and Carr, S. G. M. (eds), People and Plants in Australia, Academic Press, Sydney, 1981, pp. 295-321. Details

Journal Articles

  • Lindsay, H. A., 'Surveyor Goyder - of the Rainfall Line', Riverlander, 1963, p. 33, 35. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'George Woodroofe Goyder, 1826-1898', Geographers: Bibliographical Studies, vol. 7, 1983, pp. 47-50. Details
  • Sheldrick, Janis, '1855-1856: George Goyder's Long Ride to Mapping Reliable Rainfall', The Globe, vol. 65, 2010, p. 28040. Details
  • Williams, M., 'George Woodroffe Goyder, a Practical Geographer: the Presidential Address 1978', South Australian Geological Journal, vol. 106, 2008, pp. 84-105. Details

Reviews

  • Drown, James, review of Sheldrick, Janis, Nature's line: George Goyder, surveyor, environmentalist, visionary (2013), Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 26, no. 2, 2015, pp. 209-10. Details
  • Frost, Lionel, review of Sheldrick, Janis, Nature's line: George Goyder, surveyor, environmentalist, visionary (2013), Australian Economic History Review, vol. 55, no. 1, 2015, pp. 101-4. Details
  • Ostapenko, Dmytro, review of Sheldrick, Janis, Nature's line: George Goyder, surveyor, environmentalist, visionary (2013), Journal of Australian Studies, vol. 39, no. 2, 2015, pp. 276-7. Details

Online Resources

Rosanne Walker