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Biographical entry Menzies, Robert Gordon (1894 - 1978)

FAA, FRS

Born
20 December 1894
Jeparit, Victoria, Australia
Died
15 May 1978
Malvern, Victoria, Australia
Occupation
Barrister and Prime Minister of Australia

Summary

Robert Menzies was Prime Minister of Australia from 1939 to 1941 and from 1949 to 1966. During his time in office he contributed greatly to the expansion of Australia's scientific community and scientific research. One of his main achievements was the massive expansion of the CSIRO. Menzies was appointed Prime Minister for the second time just after the legislation was passed to change the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) into the CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation). He and his government oversaw the CSIRO budget rise from $4.0 million in 1948/49 to nearly $41.0 million in 1965/66. His other contributions include being instrumental in the development and funding of the Australian Academy of Science; the amalgamation of the Canberra University College with the Australian National University; and the partial funding of the Anglo-Australian Telescope in Parkes, New South Wales.

Details

Events

1916
Education - Bachelor of Law (LLB) completed at the University of Melbourne
1918
Career position - Admitted to the Bar
1918
Education - Master of Laws (LLM) completed at the University of Melbourne
1928 - 1929
Career position - Member of the Legislative Council for East Yarra, Victoria
1929
Career position - King's Council (KC)
1929 - 1934
Career position - Member of the Legislative Assembly for Nunawading, Victoria
1934 - 1946
Career position - Member of the House of Representatives for Kooyong, Victoria
1937
Career position - Privy Councillor
1939 - 1941
Career position - Prime Minister of Australia
1941 - 1944
Career position - Member of the Advisory War Council
1943 - 1949
Career position - Leader of the Federal Opposition
1949 - 1966
Career position - Prime Minister of Australia
1950
Career position - Chief Commander, Legion of Merit (US)
1951
Award - Companion of Honour (CH)
1958 -
Award - Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA)
1960 - 1962
Career position - Minister for External Affairs
1963
Award - Knight Bachelor (Kt cr)
1965 -
Award - Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)

Related Corporate Bodies

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Book Sections

Journal Articles

  • Flesch, Juliet and McPhee, Peter, '150 Years, 150 Stories: Robert Gordon Menzies', Uni News, vol. 12, no. 13, 2003, p. 4. Details
  • White, F. W.G., 'Robert Gordon Menzies (1894-1978)', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 5, no. 1, 1980, pp. 68-102. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9800510068.htm. Details

Online Resources

See also

Digital resources

Title
Robert Gordon Menzies
Type
Image

Details

McCarthy, G.J & Annette Alafaci