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Biographical entry Monash, John (1865 - 1931)

MInstCE

Born
27 June 1865
West Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Died
8 October 1931
Iona, Victoria, Australia
Occupation
Engineer and Administrator

Summary

Sir John Monash was General Manager of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria 1920-1930. Earlier he was involved with the Reinforced Concrete Co. and had an exceptional military career during World War I as a corps commander.

Details

CB 1915; KCB 1918; GCMG (1919).

John Monash's military career was extensive, and the focus of many biographies. In summary, he was a probationary lieutenant, North Melbourne Battery of the Metropolitan Brigade of the Garrison Artillery 1887-95, captain 1895-97, major with command of the North Melbourne Battery 1897-1908, lieutenant-colonel in charge of the Victorian section of the Australian Intelligence Corps (militia) 1908-13, colonel in command of the 13th Infantry Brigade 1913-14, chief censor 1914, commander, 4th Infantry Brigade, Australian Imperial Force 1914, brigadier general from July 1915, major general from July 1916, lieutenant-general and corps commander from June 1918, serving in Gallipoli, Egypt, England and France and receiving many military awards.

Events

1885 - 1888
Career position - Assistant Contractors Engineer, Prince's Bridge, Melbourne
1887 - 1888
Career position - Assistant Contractors Engineer, New Falls Railway Bridge, Melbourne
1888 - 1891
Career position - Contractors Engineer-in-Charge, Outer Circle Railway, Melbourne
1891
Award - The Argus engineering Scholarship, University of Melbourne
1891
Career position - Engineer, Elmore Urban Water Trust, Victoria
1891 - 1894
Career position - Engineer, Melbourne Harbour Trust
4 April 1891
Education - Bachelor of Civil Engineering (BCE), University of Melbourne
1893
Education - Master of Civil Engineering (MCE), University of Melbourne
7 February 1893
Career event - Associate Member (AssocMInstCE), Institution of Civil Engineers
1894 - 1901
Career position - Partnership with J.T. Noble Anderson, as civil, mining and mechanical engineers and patent agents. Acquired the patent rights in Victoria for Monier reinforced concrete construction.
1895
Education - Bachelor of Laws (LL.B), University of Melbourne
1895
Education - Bachelor of Arts (BA), University of Melbourne
1901 - 1905
Career position - Monier Pipe Co. Pty Ltd of Victoria
1905 - 1920
Career position - Reinforced Concrete and Monier Pipe Construction Co. Ltd
18 December 1906
Career event - Member (MInstCE), Institution of Civil Engineers
c. 1907
Award - Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration (VD), for long and meritorious service as a part-time commissioned officer.
1912 - 1915
Career position - President, Victorian Institute of Engineers
October 1915
Award - Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB), for distinguished service in the Field.
January 1918
Award - Knight Commander of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (KCB), for valuable services rendered in connection with Military Operations in the Field.
January 1919
Award - Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (GCMG), for services rendered in connection with military operations in France and Flanders.
1919
Career event - Foundation Associate Member (AMIEAust), Institution of Engineers Australia
1920
Career event - Member (MIEAust), Institution of Engineers Australia
1920 - 1921
Career position - General Manager, Morwell scheme, State Electricity Commission of Victoria.
22 March 1920
Award - Honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D), University of Melbourne
1921
Education - Doctor of Engineering (DEng), University of Melbourne
January 1921 - 1931
Career position - Chairman and Commissioner, State Electricity Commission of Victoria
1923 - 1931
Career position - Vice-chancellor, University of Melbourne.
1924 - 1926
Career position - President, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science
1929
Award - Peter Nicol Russell Memorial Medal - Career Achievement Award in Engineering, Institution of Engineers Australia
1930
Award - Kernot Memorial Medal, for distinguished engineering achievement in Australia.
November 1930
Award - Honorary Member, Victorian Institute of Engineers

Colleague

Partner

  • Anderson, Joshua Thomas Noble (1865 - 1949)

    Monash and Anderson, civil, mining and mechanical engineers and patent agents, and holding the patent rights for the Monier and Wayss reinforced concrete systems in Victoria.

    Date: 1897 - 1902

Related Awards

  • Kernot Memorial Medal (1926 - )

    Awarded Kernot Memorial Medal 1930 "... for his work in connection with the exploitation of Victoria's brown coal deposits, and the bringing to fruition the State Electricity Commission's schemes."

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • John Monash - Records, 1876 - 1934, MS 1884; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

The University of Melbourne Archives

  • Reinforced Concrete and Monier Pipe Construction Co. Pty. Ltd - Records, 1880 - 1953, 64/12; The University of Melbourne Archives. Details

Published resources

Books

  • Callinan, Bernard, Sir John Monash, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, 1981. Details
  • Serle, Geoffrey, John Monash: a Biography, Melbourne University Press in association with Monash University, Melbourne, 1982. Details

Book Sections

  • Serle, Geoffrey, 'Monash, Sir John (1865-1931), Soldier, Engineer and Administrator', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle (eds), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 10, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1986, pp. 543-549. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A100533b.htm. Details

Conference Papers

Journal Articles

  • Anon, 'Incidents in the Military Career of the Late Sir John Monash', The Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Australia, vol. 3, 1931, p. 437. Details
  • Barraclough, Samuel Henry Egerton, 'Sir John Monash - Engineer', The Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Australia, vol. 3, 1931, pp. 363-364. Details
  • Flesch, Juliet and McPhee, Peter, '150 Years, 150 Stories: John Monash', Uni News, vol. 12, no. 2, 2003, p. 4. Details
  • Holgate, Alan; Taplin, Geoff, 'The Contribution of Sir John Monash to 20th Century Engineering in Australia', Australian Journal of Multi-disciplinary Engineering, Paper presented at the National Engineering Heritage Conference (11th: 2001 : Canberra), vol. 2, no. 1, Engineers Australia, Barton, Australian Capital Territory, 2004, pp. 99-107, https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=479612087399233;res=IELENG. Details
  • Monash, John, 'Notes on tests of reinforced concrete beams (Paper & Discussion)', Proceedings of the Victorian Institute of Engineers vol. VI, 1906, pp. 29-42, 79-92. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/24341. Details
  • Monash, John, 'Further tests of reinforced concrete beam (Paper & Discussion)', Proceedings of the Victorian Institute of Engineers vol. VII, 1907, pp. 43-54, 55-66. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/24369. Details
  • Monash, John, 'Notes on modern building construction (Paper & Discussion)', Proceedings of the Victorian Institute of Engineers vol. VIII, 1908, pp. 113-121, 132-134. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/24397. Details
  • Monash, John, 'Notes on modern building construction (Discussion)', Proceedings of the Victorian Institute of Engineers vol. IX, 1909, pp. 22-27. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/24409. Details
  • Monash, John, 'Notes on some recent structures in reinforced concrete (Paper & Discussion)', Proceedings of the Victorian Institute of Engineers vol. XIII, 1913, pp. 145-152. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/24551. Details
  • Monash, John, 'The engineering profession in Australia (Presidential address)', Proceedings of the Victorian Institute of Engineers vol. XIV, 1914, pp. 11-30. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/24559. Details
  • Peake, Owen, 'John Monash and his innovative bridge designs: eight Bendigo bridges establish the era of Monier reinforced concrete in Victoria', Engineering Heritage Australia Magazine, vol. 1, no. 5, 2014, pp. 11-3. Details
  • Peake, Owen, 'John Monash and his innovative bridge designs: eight Bendigo bridges establish the era of Monier reinforced concrete in Victoria', Engineering Heritage Australia Magazine, vol. 1, no. 5, 2014, pp. 11-3. Details

Resources

See also

  • Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Technology in Australia 1788-1988, Online edn, Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 3 May 2000, http://www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au/tia/index_m.html. Details
  • Engineers Australia, Wonders never cease: 100 Australian engineering achievements, Institution of Engineers, Australia, Barton, A.C.T., 2019, 236 pp. pp.34-35,78-79. Details
  • Flesch, Juliet and McPhee, Peter, 150 years, 150 stories: brief biographies of one hundred and fifty remarkable people associated with the University of Melbourne, Department of History, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, 2003, 168 pp. Details
  • Holgate, Alan; Taplin, Geoff, 'Monash, Anderson, Transport and Communication 1894-1914', in Eleventh National Conference on Engineering Heritage: Federation Engineering a Nation; Proceedings, Institution of Engineers, Australia, Barton, Australian Capital Territory, 2001, pp. 153-156, https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=520790953879855;res=IELENG. Details

McCarthy, G.J. and Ken McInnes