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Biographical entry Bancroft, Thomas Lane (1860 - 1933)

Born
2 January 1860
Lenton, Nottinghamshire, England
Died
12 November 1933
Wallaville, Queensland, Australia
Occupation
Physician, Taxonomist and Naturalist

Summary

Thomas Lane Bancroft, son of Joseph Bancroft and father of Josephine Mackerras, was a well-known doctor and naturalist and included in his work studies on parasitology and the Queensland lung-fish. His most important discoveries were related to mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases, especially dengue fever - he identified the mosquito that carried the disease (Aeses aegypti mosquito). As a botanical collector, he contributed to the naming and classification of eucalypts.

Details

Born Lenton, Nottinghamshire, England, 2 January 1860. Died Wallaville, Queensland, 12 November 1933. Educated University of Edinburgh (MB, ChM 1883). Manchester Infirmary 1884; Geraldton (Innisfail) Hospital, Queensland 1885-86; pharmacological studies on plants 1886-94; Christchurch Hospital, New Zealand 1898; general practice with his father, Brisbane 1889-94; research on mosquitoes at Deception Bay 1894-1904; quarantine officer for the port of Brisbane 1904; temporary appointments with the State Health department 1905-06 to investigate dengue fever, beriberi and suspected cases of plague; government medical officer, Stannary Hills, near Cairns 1908-09; government medical officer, Eidsvold 1910-29; medical officer, Palm Island 1930-32. Collected plants for the Queensland Herbarium and animals for the Queensland Museum 1884-1932; many species were named after him.

Events

1904 - 1930
Career position - Medical officer at Eidsvold, Queensland
1917
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus bancroftii (Maiden) Maiden was named in his honour
1930 - 1932
Career position - Medical officer, Palm Islands
1934
Taxonomy event - Collected the type Eucalyptus seeana var. constricta Blakely

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland

  • Thomas Lane Bancroft - Records, 1884, OM84-10; John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Book Sections

  • Marks, E. N., 'Bancroft, Thomas Lane (1860-1933), medical naturalist', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle (eds), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 7, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1979, pp. 164-165. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070167b.htm. Details

Edited Books

  • Pearn, John and Powell, Laurie (eds), The Bancroft Tradition, Amphion Press, Brisbane, 1991, 277 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • Anon, 'Thomas Lane Bancroft', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 1934, no. 1, 1934, pp. 512-4. Details
  • Bancroft, T.L., 'Preliminary Notes on Some New Poisonous Plants Discovered on the Johnstone River, North Queensland', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 20, Acting Government Printer, Sydney, 1886, pp. 69-71. Details
  • Bancroft, T.L., 'On the Poisonous Property of Nicotiana suaveolens', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 4, Published for the Society by Warwick & Sapsford, Brisbane, 1887, pp. 9-10. Details
  • Bancroft, T.L., 'On the Physiological Action of Daphnandra repandula', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 4, Published for the Society by Warwick & Sapsford, Brisbane, 1887, pp. 13-16. Details
  • Bancroft, T.L., 'On the Physiological Action of Cryptocarya australis', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 4, Published for the Society by Warwick & Sapsford, Brisbane, 1887, pp. 12-13. Details
  • Bancroft, T.L., 'On the Discovery of Saponin in Acacia delibrata', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 4, Published for the Society by Warwick & Sapsford, Brisbane, 1887, pp. 10-11. Details
  • Bancroft, T.L., 'On the Materia Medica and Pharmacology of Queensland Plants.', Transactions of the 2nd Intercolonial Medical Congress of Australasia, 1889, pp. 927-931. Details
  • Bancroft, T.L., 'Preliminary Notes on the Pharmacology of Some Poisonous Plants.', Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, Linnean Society of New South Wales, Sydney, 1890, pp. 1061-64. Details
  • Bancroft, T.L., 'Preliminary Notes on the Pharmacology of Carissa ovata, var. stolonifera, Bail.', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 28, Acting Government Printer, Sydney, 1894, pp. 44-47. Details
  • Bancroft, Thomas L., 'Distillation of Native Essential Oils from a Commercial Aspect', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 7, Published for the Society by Warwick & Sapsford, Brisbane, 1889, pp. 6-7. Details
  • Bancroft, Thomas L., 'Preliminary Notes on Some New Poisonous Plants', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 8, Published for the Society by Warwick & Sapsford, Brisbane, 1890-1891, pp. 35-36. Details
  • Doherty, Ralph L., 'The Bancroft tradition in infectious desease research in Queensland, part 1', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 1978, v.2, no. 2 December, 1978, pp. 560-3. Details
  • Mackerras, I. M. and Marks, Elizabeth N., 'The Bancrofts: a century of scientific endeavour [includes lists of publications]', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 84, no. 1, 1973, pp. 1-34. Details

Online Resources

See also

  • Hall, Norman, Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material, CSIRO, Melbourne, 1978, 101 pp. Details

Rosanne Walker & Neville Walsh