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Biographical entry Black, John McConnell (1855 - 1951)

Born
28 April 1855
Wigtown, Scotland
Died
2 December 1951
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Occupation
Botanical collector and Botanist

Summary

John Black, originally a journalist and linguist who investigated Aboriginal languages, turned to botany in the early 1900s and published The Naturalised Flora of South Australia (1909) and Flora of South Australia (1922-1929; 2nd edition 1943-1948).

Details

Born Wigtown, Scotland, 28 April 1855. Died Adelaide, 2 December 1951. MBE 1942. British Linen Co. Bank, Edinburgh; Oriental Bank, London; migrated to South Australia 1877; wheat farmer, Baroota, South Australia 1878-83; staff of the "South Australian Register"; senior reporter and editorialist, the "Advertiser" till 1903; Hansard reporter on a sessional basis until 1929; concentrated on botany from 1903; wrote "The Naturalised Flora of South Australia' (1909) and "The Flora of South Australia", published in four parts in 1922-29and revised 1939-51; honorary lecturer in systematic botany, University of Adelaide 1927. Verco Medal, Royal Society of South Australia 1930; Mueller Memorial Medal, Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science 1932; Natural History Medallion, Field Naturalists' Club of Victoria 1944; W.B. Clarke Memorial Medal, Royal Society of New South Wales 1946. Active participant in the International Botanical Congress, Cambridge, 1930; president, Royal Society of South Australia 1933-34.

Events

1926
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus viminalis var. diversifolia J.M.Black [synonym]
1926
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus baxteri var. pedicella J.M.Black [synonym]
1926
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus incrassata var. protrusa J.M.Black
1930
Award - Sir Joseph Verco Medal, Royal Society of South Australia
1932
Award - Mueller Medal, Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science
1933 - 1934
Career position - President, Royal Society of South Australia
1934
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus obliqua L'Herit. var. megacarpa Blakely. Black was joint collector of the type.
1942
Career position - President, Royal Society of South Australia
1942
Award - Appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire
1944
Award - Australian Natural History Medallion, Field Naturalist Club of Victoria
1946
Award - Clarke Medal, Royal Society of New South Wales

Related Awards

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

Private hands (Andrew, M.W.)

  • John McConnell Black - Records, 1855 - 1951; Private hands (Andrew, M.W.). Details

State Library of South Australia, Mortlock Library of South Australiana

  • John McConnell Black - Records, 1887 - 1957, PRG 346; State Library of South Australia, Mortlock Library of South Australiana. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Andrew, Marjorie and Clissold, Shirley, The diaries of John McConnell Black, 3 vols (Hawthorndene, S.A.: Investigator Press Pty. Ltd., 1986-2003). Details
  • Black, J. M., The naturalised flora of South Australia (Adelaide: J. M. Black, 1909), 192 pp. Details
  • Black, J. M., Flora of South Australia. (Adelaide: British Science Guild, South Australian Branch, 1922), 746 pp. Details
  • Black, John McConnell, Memoirs of John McConnell Black ([Adelaide]: [Hyde Park Press], 1971), 127 pp. Details
  • Eichler, Hansjorg, Supplement to J.M. Black's Flora of South Australia (second edition, 1943-1957) (Adelaide: British Science Guild, South Australian Branch, 1965), 385 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Black, J.M., 'Myrtaceae. Eucalyptus incrassata var. protrusa J.M.Black. Flora of South Australia Part 3.' in Flora of South Australia, J. M. Black, ed. (Adelaide: British Science Guild, South Australian Branch, 1926), p. 421. Details
  • Robertson, Enid, 'Black, John McConnell (1855-1951), botanist' in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle, eds, vol. 7 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1979), pp. 304-305. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070310b.htm. Details

Journal Articles

  • Black, J. M., 'One Hundred Years of Systematic Botany in South Australia.', Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Australia, lx (1936), xxxi-xxxiv. Details
  • Eardley, C. M., 'John McConnell Black, M.B.E., A.L.S.', Australasian herbarium news, 10 (1952), 1-5. Details

Resources

See also

  • 'List of genus Eucalyptus published under this authority using author abbreviation search 'J.M.Black' and genus 'Eucalyptus'', Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), Australian National Botanic Gardens, 2012, http://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/apx?taxon_id=18351. Details
  • Hall, Norman, Botanists of the Eucalypts: short biographies of people who have named eucalypts, whose names have been given to species or who have collected type material (Melbourne: CSIRO, 1978), 101 pp. Details

McCarthy, G.J., Moje, C.R. & Walsh, N.