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Biographical entry Tenison-Woods, Julian Edmund (1832 - 1889)

Born
15 November 1832
London, England
Died
7 October 1889
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Occupation
Priest, Educator and Scientist
Alternative Names
  • Woods, Julian Edmund Tenison

Summary

Julian Tenison-Woods, a member of the Catholic Church, was a pioneer priest, starting in the south-east of South Australia and made many independent discoveries in geology, palaeontology and zoology. As a priest his relationship with the church hierarchy was often problematic. His commitment to education and to raising the profile of science can be seen in his willingness to give public lectures and the large number of his contributions to newspapers. Tenison-Woods's research in the southeast of South Australia resulted in the description of over 65 new species of animals and the elucidation of the stratigraphy of the region. Among his ground-breaking papers was The Tertiary rocks of South Australia (1867). Other works included History of the discovery and exploration of Australia (London 1865) and Fish and fisheries of New South Wales (1883). He was a prolific collector of botanical specimens, particularly in Queensland 1881 - 1886 and in his later years undertook mineral surveys in Australia and Southeast Asia. A number of botanical, zoological and palaeontological species were named in his honour, as was Mt Tenison-Woods in the D'Aguilar Range, Queensland. The whereabouts of his geological and palaeontological specimens is unknown: Ferdinand Mueller purchased approximately.900 botanical specimens after his death.

Details

Events

1854
Life event - Migrated to Australia
1857
Life event - Ordained priest in the Roman Catholic Church
1857 - 1866
Career position - Priest in the parish of Penola, South Australia
1866
Life event - Co-founded the Congregation of the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart with Sister Mary McKillop
1866 - 1870
Career position - Director General of Catholic Education, Adelaide
1878 -
Career position - Member, Linnean Society of New South Wales
1879 - 1880
Career position - President, Linnean Society of New South Wales
1883 - 1886
Life event - Undertook mineral surveys in the Straits Settlements, Java, Philippines, China and Japan
1888
Award - Clarke Medal, Royal Society of New South Wales

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland

  • Julian Edmund Tenison-Woods - Records, 1832 - 1889, OM80-97; John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland. Details
  • Julian Edmund Tenison-Woods - Records, 1872 - 1922, OM71-36; John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland. Details
  • Julian Edmund Tenison-Woods - Records, 1883 - 1967, OM72-150; John Oxley Library, Manuscripts and Business Records Collection, State Library of Queensland. Details

Published resources

Books

  • Doherty, Carmel Mary, Song of seasons: Father J. E. Tenison Woods, Sisters of Perpetual Adoration, Wollongong, N.S.W., 1996, 257 pp. Details
  • O'Neill, Rev G., The Life of the Reverend Julian Edmund Tenison Woods, Pellegrini, Sydney, 1929. Details
  • Player, A. V., Ten years in the bush, 1857-1867: Julian Tenison Woods, Sisters of St Joseph, North Goulburn, N.S.W., 1983, 87 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Borchardt, D. H., 'Tenison-Woods, Julian Edmund (1832-1889)', in Bede Nairn (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 6, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1976, pp. 254-255. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A060272b.htm. Details
  • Branagan, David F., 'Some Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Australian Geological Clerics', in Geology and Religion: a History of Harmony and Hostility, Geological Society of London, London, 2009, pp. 171-96. Details

Journal Articles

  • Archbold, N. W., 'J. E. Tenison Woods: his contribution to the Tertiary geology of south eastern Australia', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 122, 1989, pp. 119-21. Details
  • Corcoran, Petern, 'Pioneer Naturalist [Fr. Julian Tenison Woods] Stands Tall Today', Advocate Magazine, vol. 20 March, 1986, pp. 8-9. Details
  • Corcoran, Petern, 'Remembering a Pioneer: J.E.T. Woods-a Nineteenth Century Naturalist', Bulletin of the Fossil Collectors' Association of Australasia, vol. 32/33, 1991, pp. 5-11. Details
  • Cresp, Mary and Tranter, Janice, 'Julian Tenison Woods: itinerant missioner', Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society, vol. 37, no. 1, 2016, pp. 1-9. Details
  • Hamilton-Smith, E., 'No ordinary man: Tenison Woods and the Naracoorte caves', Alcheringa, vol. 30, Supp. 1, 2006, pp. 187-93. Details
  • King, Robert J., 'Julian Tenison Woods: natural historian: presidential address delivered at the 141st Annual General Meeting of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, March 23rd 2016', Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, vol. 138, 2016, pp. 49-58. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'A Century of Botanical Endeavour in South Australia', Australasian Association for Advancement of Science, vol. xi, 1907, pp. 158-199. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'Records of Australian Botanists - (a) General, (b) New South Wales', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. xlii, 1908, pp. 60-132. Details
  • Martin, Peter, 'The botanical work of the Reverend J. E. Tenison-Woods', Journal & Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 122, 1989, p. 127. Details
  • McDonnell, Kevin L., 'Father Julian Tenison Woods and the Hawkesbury sandstone', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 122, 1989, pp. 123-6. Details
  • O'Brien, Roderick, 'Introducing Julian Tenison-Woods and Malacca', Journal and proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 150, no. 2, 2017, pp. 179-82. Details
  • Player, Anne, 'Julian Tenison Woods, scientist, 1832 - 1889', Journal & Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. 122, 1989, pp. 109-18. Details
  • Wilson, John H. G., 'Julian Edmund Tenison Woods: Geologist in South Australia', South Australian Geographical Journal, vol. 110, 2011, pp. 30-49. Details

Online Resources

McCarthy, G.J. and Helen Cohn