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Biographical entry Nicholson, Alexander John (1895 - 1969)

CBE, FAA, FRES

Born
25 March 1895
Blackhall, County Meath, Ireland
Died
28 October 1969
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
Occupation
Entomologist

Summary

Alexander John Nicholson was one of Australia's top Entomologists and greatly increased the knowledge and study of Zoology and Entomology in Australia. His longest serving position was as Chief of the Division of Economic Entomology at CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research)/CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) from 1936 to 1960. During this time Nicholson improved the Division's reputation and research scope to include biological control, taxonomy, ecology, physiology, biochemistry and toxicology. Nicholson's main area of expertise was in insect population dynamics and biology, but he was also a fine designer of scientific equipment and a fastidious organiser. He was a member and office bearer of many of Australia's and Britain's top scientific bodies and published widely. He received many accolades for his tireless work including an appointment to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).

Details

Events

1915
Education - Bachelor of Science (BSc) completed at the University of Birmingham, UK
1915 - c. 1919
Career position - War service with the Royal Regiment of Artillery in France and Belgium
1919 - c. 1921
Career position - Researcher at the University of Birmingham
1920
Education - Master of Science (MSc) completed at the University of Birmingham
1921 -
Career position - Inaugural McCaughey Lecturer in Entomology at the University of Sydney
October 1921
Life event - Migrated to Australia (Sydney)
1928 - 1930
Career position - Councillor of the Linnean Society of New South Wales
1929
Education - Doctor of Science (DSc) received from the University of Sydney
1930 - 1933
Career position - Deputy-Chief of the CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) Division of Economic Entomology
1933
Career position - 'The Balance of Animal Populations' published in the Journal of Animal Ecology
1933 - 1936
Career position - Acting-Chief of the CSIR Division of Economic Entomology
1935 -
Career position - Foundation member of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science
1936 - 1960
Career position - Chief of the CSIR / CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) Division of Economic Entomology
1950 - 1951
Career position - President of the Royal Society of Australia
1952
Award - Clarke Medal received from the Royal Society of New South Wales
1954
Award - Foundation Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA)
1960 -
Career position - Foundation President of the National Parks Association of the Australian Capital Territory
1961 -
Award - Honorary Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London (FRES)
1961
Award - Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
1963 -
Award - Honorary member of the British Ecological Society
1965 -
Career position - Foundation member of the Australian Entomological Society

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Alexander John Nicholson - Records, 1927 - 1971, MS 130; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Musgrave, A., Bibliography of Australian Entomology, 1775-1930, Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales., Sydney, 1932, 380 pp. Details

Book Sections

Journal Articles

  • Mackerras, I. M., 'Alexander John Nicholson', Records of the Australian Academy of Science, vol. 2, no. 1, 1971, pp. 66-81. Also available at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9710210066.htm. Details
  • Nicholson, A. J., 'Obituary: A. L. Tonnoir', Australian Journal of Science, vol. 2, no. 5, 1940, pp. 139-140. Details
  • Schedvin, C. B., 'Environment, Economy and Australian Biology 1890-1939', Historical Studies, vol. 21, 1984, pp. 11-28. Details

Online Resources

See also

Digital resources

Title
Alexander John Nicholson
Type
Image

Details

McCarthy, G.J.