Biographical entry Busby, James (1801 - 1871)
- 7 February 1801
- 15 July 1871
- Viticulturist and Civil servant
James Busby arrived in New South Wales in 1824 and received a grant of 2000 acres in the Hunter River district. He pioneered viticulture in the colony and published a number of books. In 1832 he was appointed British Resident in New Zealand.
Born Edinburgh, 7 February 1801. Died England, 15 July 1871. Studied viticulture in France. Arrived New South Wales 1824. Received a grant of 2,000 acres in the Hunter River district; obtained employment at the Male Orphan School near Liverpool in charge of the school farm and teaching agriculture until 1827; wrote "A Treatise on the Culture of the Vine and the Art of Making Wine" 1925; collector of internal revenue 1827-29; Europe 1831-32; British Resident in New Zealand 1832-40; storekeeping; farming; newspaper editor; served for several terms in the Auckland Provincial Council; published a number of pamphlets. On 20 March 1834 he held a meeting of chiefs at the Residency at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, at which a New Zealand flag was adopted. In 1840 he drafted a treaty of cession and the first Maori signatures were obtained at Waitangi on 6 February. Son of John Busby and brother of George Busby (qq.v.).
Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales
- Davidson, J. W., 'Busby, James (1801-1871), viticulturalist and civil servant', in Douglas Pike (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 1, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1966, pp. 186-188. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A010172b.htm. Details
- Ilbery, J., 'History of Wine in Australia', in Evans, L. (ed.), Australia and New Zealand Complete Book of Wine, Hamlyn, Sydney, 1973. Details
- 'Busby, James (1801-1871)', Trove, National Library of Australia, 2009, http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-472146. Details
- Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Technology in Australia 1788-1988, Online edn, Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 3 May 2000, http://www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au/tia/index_b.html. Details
Created: 20 October 1993, Last modified: 3 February 2010
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