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Biographical entry Brown, Robert Hanbury (1916 - 2002)

FAA, FRS

Born
31 August 1916
Aravankadu, India
Died
16 January 2002
England
Occupation
Physicist

Summary

Robert Brown had a distinguished career as a pioneer in radar and radio physics in the United Kingdom, including 15 years as Professor of Astronomy at the University of Manchester, before becoming Professor of Physics (Astronomy) at the University of Sydney in 1964. A focus of his research was in intensity interferometry. He was integral to the establishment and successful research program of the Narrabri Stellar Intensity Interferometer in northern New South Wales. The Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect, named for Brown and his colleague Richard Twiss, has become a standard technique in research in high-energy collisions in particle physics.

Details

Events

1935
Education - BSc (hons) Engineering, University of London
1936 - 1942
Career position - Scientific officer (radar), Air Ministry
1938
Education - Diploma of Membership, Imperial College, London
1942 - 1945
Career position - Assistant head, Combined Research Group, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington D.C.
1945 - 1947
Career position - Principal scientific officer, Telecommunications Research Establishment and head, Navigation Division, Ministry of Supply
1947 - 1949
Career position - Partner, Sir Robert Watson-Watt and Partners Ltd
1949
Career position - ICI Research Fellow, Jodrell Bank, University of Manchester
1949 - 1964
Career position - Professor of Astronomy (personal chair), University of Manchester
1959
Award - Holweck Prize, The Physical Society, United Kingdom
1960
Education - DSc, University of Manchester, United Kingdom
1960 - 2002
Award - Fellow, Royal Society, London
1964 - 1981
Career position - Professor of physics (astronomy), University of Sydney
1967 - 2002
Award - Fellow, Australian Academy of Science
1968
Award - Eddington Medal (with R. Q. Twiss), Royal Astronomical Society, United Kingdom
1970
Award - Thomas Ranken Lyle Medal, Australian Academy of Science
1971
Award - Hughes Medal, Royal Society, London
1971
Award - Britannica Australia Medal
1975
Award - Foreign Fellow, Indian National Science Academy
1975
Award - Honorary Fellow, Indian Academy of Science
1977 - 1979
Career position - Vice-President, Australian Academy of Science
1979 - 1981
Career position - Member, Australian Research Grants Committee
1981 -
Career position - Emeritus Professor of Physics (astronomy), University of Sydney
1981
Career position - Research Fellow, Foundation for Research in Physics, University of Sydney
1982
Award - Albert A. Michelson Medal (with R. Q. Twiss) Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
1982
Award - Matthew Flinders Medal, Australian Academy of Science
1982 - 1985
Career position - President, International Astronomical Union
1984
Award - DSc honoris causa, Monash University
1984
Award - DSc honoris causa, University of Sydney
1985
Award - Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in recognition of service to science, particularly in the field of stellar astronomy
1985 - 2002
Award - Associate, Royal Astronomical Society, United Kingdom
1987
Award - ANZAAS Medal
1987 - 2002
Award - Honorary Fellow, Optical Society of Australia
1987 - 2002
Award - Honorary Member, Royal Astronomical Society of Canada

Related Awards

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

National Library of Australia Oral History Collection

  • Robert Hanbury Brown - Records, 1937 - 1972, DeB 580; National Library of Australia Oral History Collection. Details

University of Sydney, Archives

  • Robert Hanbury Brown - Records, 1957 - 1983, Acc. 1060; University of Sydney, Archives. Details

Published resources

Books

  • Bhathal, Ragbir, Australian Astronomers: Achievements at the Frontiers of Astronomy (Canberra: National Library of Australia, 1996), 243 pp. Details
  • Brown, R. Hanbury, Boffin: a Personal Story of the Early Days of Radar and Radio Astronomy and Quantum Optics (Bristol: Adam Hilger, 1991), 184 (190) pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • Brown, R. Hanbury; Minnett, Harry C; White, Fredrick W. G., 'Edward George Bowen 1911-1991', Historical Records of Australian Science, 9 (2) (1992), 151-166. http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9920920151.htm. Details
  • Davis, J. and Lovell, B., 'Robert Hanbury Brown. 31 August 1916 - 16 January 2002 Elected FRS 1960', Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 49 (2003), 83-106. Details
  • Davis, John; Lovell, Sir Bernard,, 'Robert Hanbury Brown', Historical Records of Australian Science, 14 (4) (2003), 459-483. http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR03006.htm. Details

Newspaper Articles

  • 'Obituary: Robert Hanbury Brown', The Age (2002). Details

Resources

See also

  • Who's who in Australia XXXIst edition 1995 (Melbourne: Information Australia Group, 1995), 1622 pp. Details

McCarthy, G.J. and Helen Cohn