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Biographical entry Bishop, Peter Orlebar (1917 - 2012)


14 June 1917
Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia
3 June 2012


Peter Bishop was Professor of Physiology, University of Sydney 1955-1967 and at the John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Canberra 1967-1982. He provided increased understanding of people's ability to see in three dimensions.


Born Tamworth, New South Wales, 14 June 1917. Educated University of Sydney (MB, BS 1940, DSc 1967). AO 1986. Junior Resident Medical Officer, Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney 1941, Neurological Registrar 1941-42, Surgeon Lieutenant, RANR 1942-46, Clinical Assistant in Neurosurgery, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital 1946, Fellow, Postgraduate Committee in Medicine, University of Sydney 1946-50, Clinical Clerk, National Hospital for Nervous Diseases, Queen Square London 1946-47, Research Fellow, Department of Anatomy, University College London 1947-50, Fellow, National Health and Medical Research Council, Department of Surgery, University of Sydney 1950-51, Senior Lecturer, Department of Physiology, University of Sydney 1951-54, Reader in Physiology 1954-55, Professor of Physiology and Head of Department of Physiology 1955-67, Professor and Head of Department of Physiology, Australian National University 1967-82, Honorary Research Associate, Department of Anatomy and Histology, University of Sydney 1987-. Fellow, Australian Academy of Science 1967, Fellow, Royal Society 1977, Australia Prize 1993. Chairman of Board, "Historical Records of Australian Science" 1982-1997. The P.O. Bishop Medal, awarded annually to the top student taking the Bachelor of Science (Medical) degree, was struck by the University of Sydney in his honour.

Related Corporate Bodies

  • Alfred Hospital (1871 - )

    Peter Bishop held multiple positions at the Alfred Hospital including Junior Medical Office in 1941, Neurological Registrar between 1941 and 1942, and Clinical Assistant in Neurosurgery in 1946.

    Date: 1941 - 1946

  • Australian Academy of Science (1954 - )

    Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA)

    Date: 1967

  • Australian National University (1946 - )

    Peter Bishop was a Professor at Australian National Universities Department of Physiology between 1967 and 1982.

    Date: 1967 - 1982

  • The University of Sydney (1850 - )

    Peter Bishop held multiple positions at the University of Sydney Department of Physiology including Senior Lecturer from 1951 to 1954, Reader from 1954 to 1955 and Professor and Head of Physiology from 1955 to 1967. Prior to this he was a Fellow of the Postgraduate Committee in Medicine (1946 - 1950) and the National Health and Medical Research Council (1950 - 1951) within the University of Sydney. Peter Bishop was also made an Honorary Research Associate at the Department of Anatomy and Histology.

    Date: 1946 - 1967

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Peter Orlebar Bishop - Records, 1950 - 1967, MS 154; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Book Sections

  • Bishop, P. O., 'Terra Australis Incognita: the Emergence of Physiology in Australia', in D. G. Garlick and P. I. Korner (eds), Frontiers in Psychological Reserach, Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, 1984, pp. 1-15. Details
  • Bishop, P. O., 'Davies, Harold Whitridge (1894-1946), Professor of Physiology', in John Ritchie (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 13, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1993, pp. 580-581. Also available at Details

Edited Books

  • Moyal, Ann (ed.), Portraits in Science, National Library of Australia, Canberra, 1994, 209 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • Bishop, P. O., 'Physiology in Sydney in the 1950s', Proceedings of the Australian Phsyiological and Pharmacologial Society, vol. 14, no. 1, 1983, pp. 48-57. Details
  • Pettigrew, Jack D. and Dreher, Bogdan, 'Peter Orlebar Bishop 1917 - 2012', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 29, no. 2, 2018, pp. 162-71. Also available at Details
  • Pettigrew, Jack D. and Dreher, Bogdan, 'Peter Orlebar Bishop, 14 June 1917 - 3 June 2012', Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of The Royal Society, vol. 64, 2018, pp. 51-68. Details

Online Resources

See also

Rosanne Walker