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Biographical entry Custance, John Daniel (1842 - 1923)

Born
1842
Norfolk, England
Died
14 December 1923
Black Forest, South Australia, Australia
Occupation
Agricultural educator and Agricultural scientist

Summary

In 1881 Professor Custance was appointed as South Australian Government Professor of Agriculture, a newspaper article in the Express and Telegraph on 18 May 1881 explained that 'his duties were represented as being to superintend the experimental farm, to study the-climate of South Australia and its various soils, and to advise the Government on all points bearing on the well-being of the agricultural community of the colony'. Custance built collaborative relationships with the South Australian farming community and went on to lobby for and eventually found the first Agricultural College in Australia, the Roseworthy Agricultural College in 1883. Today the Roseworthy Agricultural College has been incorporated into the Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences at the University of Adelaide and is a world renowned centre for excellence in dryland agriculture and animal production. In addition to his contribution to agricultural education Custance made significant contributions to agricultural science conducting a series of fertiliser trials on cereals, which were extended by Professor William Lowrie from 1887 onwards. They reported on the beneficial residual effects of superphosphate on the clover pastures which followed the cereal crop and encouraged a diversification of crops to be grown in South Australia.

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See also

McCarthy, G.J.